Job quality in Quebec and the United Kingdom: Trends by sex and family status, 1998–2008


  • This article follows up on a research fellowship undertaken at the University of Manchester in the fall of 2009 with financial support from the Quebec Institute of Statistics and a doctoral scholarship from the Social Innovations Research Centre, Quebec (CRISES). The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the Quebec Institute of Statistics. The author wishes to acknowledge the contributions of professors Paul Bernard and Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay to the development of the typology of job quality used in this article.

  • Responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the ILO.


Using a typology combining pay, hours of work, skill levels and job stability, the author compares the trends in quality of employment between women and men (with and without childcare responsibilities) in Quebec and the United Kingdom over the decade 1998–2008. Although the gender gap narrowed significantly among working parents with young children, the gap between mothers and fathers in this group remained much smaller in Quebec than in the United Kingdom by the end of the period. The author attributes this pattern to Quebec's healthier economic environment, more women-friendly social policies, and fathers' significantly shorter hours of work.