The authors would like to thank Melissa Binder for her comments on an earlier version of the paper.
Is child labour a substitute for adult labour? The relationship between child labour and adult illness in Nepal
Article first published online: 8 MAY 2012
Copyright © The authors 2012 Journal compilation © International Labour Organization 2012
International Labour Review
Volume 151, Issue 1-2, pages 109–121, June 2012
How to Cite
Nepal, A. and Nepal, M. (2012), Is child labour a substitute for adult labour? The relationship between child labour and adult illness in Nepal. International Labour Review, 151: 109–121. doi: 10.1111/j.1564-913X.2012.00137.x
Responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the ILO.
- Issue published online: 8 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 8 MAY 2012
- child labour;
- child worker;
- hours of work;
- household income;
Using official household survey data, the authors test two axioms regarding child labour in Nepal. Both the “luxury” and the “substitution” axioms appear to hold in the case of Nepal's child labour: a household's higher per capita income reduces child work hours; and the absence from work of an adult household member owing to illness increases child work hours. Girls work more hours than boys. Other variables reducing child work hours are: scholarship provision, private schooling, the presence of siblings at home, and adults' years of schooling. However, higher consumption is not effective in reducing child work hours.