This article draws on an earlier ETUI Working Paper by the author (see de Beer, 2012). The author would like to thank the members of the ETUI network on social policy and the economic crisis for their very helpful comments, especially Janine Leschke and Maria Jepsen.
Earnings and income inequality in the EU during the crisis
Article first published online: 12 DEC 2012
Copyright © The author 2012 Journal compilation © International Labour Organization 2012
International Labour Review
Special Issue: The Crisis, Inequalities and Social Policy in the European Union
Volume 151, Issue 4, pages 313–331, December 2012
How to Cite
DE BEER, P. (2012), Earnings and income inequality in the EU during the crisis. International Labour Review, 151: 313–331. doi: 10.1111/j.1564-913X.2012.00151.x
Responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the ILO.
- Issue published online: 12 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 12 DEC 2012
- income distribution;
- economic recession;
- United Kingdom
The author examines the impact of the economic crisis on employment, earnings, inequality and poverty in the EU, focusing on Denmark, Germany, Slovakia, Spain and the United Kingdom during the period 2008–10. After reviewing the literature, he analyses recent trends, finding that during this stage of the crisis real wages reacted countercyclically in most countries, thus diverging from the pattern observed in previous recessions. He finds considerable cross-national variation in the severity and direction of changes in terms of inequality and poverty rates. However, he argues that inequality may widen because of the potential regressive effects of the announced austerity programmes.