SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aime MC, Matheny PB, Henk DA et al. (2006) An overview of the higher level classification of Pucciniomycotina based on combined analyses of nuclear large and small subunit rDNA sequences. Mycologia 98: 896905.
  • Anaissie E & Bodey GP (1991) Disseminated trichosporonosis: meeting the challenge. Eur J Clin Microbiol 10: 711713.
  • Ashbee HR (2006) Recent developments in the immunology and biology of Malassezia species. FEMS Immunol Med Mic 47: 1423.
  • Ashbee HR & Evans EG (2002) Immunology of diseases associated with Malassezia species. Clin Microbiol Rev 15: 2157.
  • Averbuch D, Boekhout T, Falk R, Engelhard D, Shapiro M, Block C & Polacheck I (2002) Fungemia in a cancer patient caused by fluconazole-resistant Cryptococcus laurentii. Med Mycol 40: 479484.
  • Bakkeren G & Kronstad JW (1994) Linkage of mating type loci distinguishes bipolar from tetrapolar mating in basidiomycetous smut fungi. P Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 70857089.
  • Bakkeren G, Gibbard B, Yee A, Froeliger E, Leong S & Kronstad J (1992) The a loci and b loci of Ustilago maydis hybridize with DNA sequences from other smut fungi. Mol Plant Microbe In 5: 347355.
  • Bakkeren G, Jiang G, Warren RL et al. (2006) Mating factor linkage and genome evolution in basidiomycetous pathogens of cereals. Fungal Genet Biol 43: 655666.
  • Bakkeren G, Kamper J & Schirawski J (2008) Sex in smut fungi: structure, function and evolution of mating type complexes. Fungal Genet Biol 45 (suppl 1): S15S21.
  • Bandoni RJ (1995) Dimorphic heterobasidiomycetes: taxonomy and parasitism. Stud Mycol 38: 1327.
  • Banham AH, Asante-Owusu RN, Gottgens B, Thompson S, Kingsnorth CS, Mellor E & Casselton LA (1995) An N-terminal dimerization domain permits homeodomain proteins to choose compatible partners and initiate sexual development in the mushroom Coprinus cinereus. Plant Cell 7: 773783.
  • Banuett F & Herskowitz I (1996) Discrete developmental stages during teliospore formation in the corn smut fungus, Ustilago maydis. Development 122: 29652976.
  • Barton NH & Charlesworth B (1998) Why sex and recombination? Science 281: 19861990.
  • Bauer R, Begerow D, Oberwinkler F, Piepenbring M & Berbee M (2001) Ustilaginomycetes. The Mycota VII, Part B. Systematics and Evolution (McLaughlinDJ, McLaughlinEG & LemkePA, eds), pp. 5783. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Begerow D, Stoll M & Bauer R (2006) A phylogenetic hypothesis of Ustilaginomycotina based on multiple gene analyses and morphological data. Mycologia 98: 906916.
  • Bender A & Sprague Jr GF (1986) Yeast peptide pheromones, a-factor and alpha-factor, activate a common response mechanism in their target cells. Cell 47: 929937.
  • Bennett RJ & Johnson AD (2003) Completion of a parasexual cycle in Candida albicans by induced chromosome loss in tetraploid strains. EMBO J 22: 25052515.
  • Biswas SK, Yokoyama K, Nishimura K & Miyaji M (2001) Molecular phylogenetics of the genus Rhodotorula and related basidiomycetous yeasts inferred from the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Int J Syst Evol Micr 51: 11911199.
  • Boekhout T, Bandoni RJ, Fell JW & Kwon-Chung KJ (1998) Discussion of teleomorphic and anamorphic genera of heterobasidiomycetous yeasts. The Yeasts: A Taxonomic Study, 4th edn (KurtzmanCP & FellJW, eds), pp. 609625. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • Bolker M, Urban M & Kahmann R (1992) The a mating type locus of U. maydis specifies cell signaling components. Cell 68: 441450.
  • Bovers M, Hagen F, Kuramae EE, Diaz MR, Spanjaard L, Dromer F, Hoogveld HL & Boekhout T (2006) Unique hybrids between the fungal pathogens Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii. FEMS Yeast Res 6: 599607.
  • Bovers M, Hagen F, Kuramae EE, Hoogveld HL, Dromer F, St-Germain G & Boekhout T (2008) AIDS patient death caused by novel Cryptococcus neoformans×C. gattii hybrid. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 11051108.
  • Burnett JH (1975) Mycogenetics. John Wiley & Sons, London.
  • Burnik C, Altintas ND, Ozkaya G, Serter T, Selcuk ZT, Firat P, Arikan S, Cuenca-Estrella M & Topeli A (2007) Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to Cryptococcus albidus pneumonia: case report and review of the literature. Med Mycol 45: 469473.
  • Burt A, Carter DA, Koenig GL, White TJ & Taylor JW (1996) Molecular markers reveal cryptic sex in the human pathogen Coccidioides immitis. P Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 770773.
  • Butler G, Kenny C, Fagan A, Kurischko C, Gaillardin C & Wolfe KH (2004) Evolution of the MAT locus and its Ho endonuclease in yeast species. P Natl Acad Sci USA 101: 16321637.
  • Campbell LT, Currie BJ, Krockenberger M, Malik R, Meyer W, Heitman J & Carter DA (2005a) Clonality and recombination in genetically differentiated subgroups of Cryptococcus gattii. Eukaryot Cell 4: 14031409.
  • Campbell LT, Fraser JA, Nichols CB, Dietrich FS, Carter DA & Heitman J (2005b) Clinical and environmental isolates of Cryptococcus gattii from Australia that retain sexual fecundity. Eukaryot Cell 4: 14101419.
  • Casadevall A & Perfect JR (1998) Cryptococcus neoformans. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • Casselton LA & Challen MP (2006) The mating type genes of the basidiomycetes. The Mycota I: Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality, 2nd edn (KuesU & FischerR, eds), pp. 357374. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Casselton LA & Olesnicky NS (1998) Molecular genetics of mating recognition in basidiomycete fungi. Microbiol Mol Biol R 62: 5570.
  • Chang YC, Wickes BL, Miller GF, Penoyer LA & Kwon-Chung KJ (2000) Cryptococcus neoformans STE12alpha regulates virulence but is not essential for mating. J Exp Med 191: 871882.
  • Coelho MA, Rosa A, Rodrigues N, Fonseca A & Goncalves P (2008) Identification of mating type genes in the bipolar basidiomycetous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides: first insight into the MAT locus structure of the Sporidiobolales. Eukaryot Cell 7: 10531061.
  • Cohen J, Perfect JR & Durack DT (1982) Cryptococcosis and the basidiospore. Lancet 8284: 1301.
  • Deacon JW (1997) Modern Mycology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  • De Hoog GS (2000) Atlas of Clinical Fungi. Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Di Bonaventura G, Pompilio A, Picciani C, Iezzi M, D'Antonio D & Piccolomini R (2006) Biofilm formation by the emerging fungal pathogen Trichosporon asahii: development, architecture, and antifungal resistance. Antimicrob Agents Ch 50: 32693276.
  • Diekema DJ, Petroelje B, Messer SA, Hollis RJ & Pfaller MA (2005) Activities of available and investigational antifungal agents against Rhodotorula species. J Clin Microbiol 43: 476478.
  • Durrenberger F, Wong K & Kronstad JW (1998) Identification of a cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit required for virulence and morphogenesis in Ustilago maydis. P Natl Acad Sci USA 95: 56845689.
  • Escandon P, Sanchez A, Martinez M, Meyer W & Castaneda E (2006) Molecular epidemiology of clinical and environmental isolates of the Cryptococcus neoformans species complex reveals a high genetic diversity and the presence of the molecular type VGII mating type a in Colombia. FEMS Yeast Res 6: 625635.
  • Feldbrugge M, Kamper J, Steinberg G & Kahmann R (2004) Regulation of mating and pathogenic development in Ustilago maydis. Curr Opin Microbiol 7: 666672.
  • Fell JW, Boekhout T, Fonseca A, Scorzetti G & Statzell-Tallman A (2000) Biodiversity and systematics of basidiomycetous yeasts as determined by large-subunit rDNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis. Int J Syst Evol Micr 50: 13511371.
  • Fell JW, Boekhout T, Fonseca A & Sampaio JP (2001) Basidiomycetous yeasts. The Mycota VII, Part B. Systematics and Evolution (McLaughlinDJ, McLaughlinEG & LemkePA, eds), pp. 136. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Fischer GW & Holton CS (1957) Biology and Control of the Smut Fungi. Ronald Press Company, New York.
  • Flegel TW (1977) Let's call a yeast a yeast. Can J Microbiol 23: 945946.
  • Fonseca A, Scorzetti G & Fell JW (2000) Diversity in the yeast Cryptococcus albidus and related species as revealed by ribosomal DNA sequence analysis. Can J Microbiol 46: 727.
  • Fraser JA & Heitman J (2003) Fungal mating type loci. Curr Biol 13: R792R795.
  • Fraser JA & Heitman J (2004) Evolution of fungal sex chromosomes. Mol Microbiol 51: 299306.
  • Fraser JA, Subaran RL, Nichols CB & Heitman J (2003) Recapitulation of the sexual cycle of the primary fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii: implications for an outbreak on Vancouver Island, Canada. Eukaryot Cell 2: 10361045.
  • Fraser JA, Diezmann S, Subaran RL, Allen A, Lengeler KB, Dietrich FS & Heitman J (2004) Convergent evolution of chromosomal sex-determining regions in the animal and fungal kingdoms. PLoS Biol 2: 22432255.
  • Fraser JA, Giles SS, Wenink EC et al. (2005) Same-sex mating and the origin of the Vancouver Island Cryptococcus gattii outbreak. Nature 437: 13601364.
  • Fraser JA, Hsueh YP, Findley KM & Heitman J (2007) Evolution of the mating type locus: the basidiomycetes. Sex in Fungi: Molecular Determination and Evolutionary Implications (HeitmanJ, KronstadJW, TaylorJW & CasseltonLA, eds), pp. 1934. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • Gadanho M & Sampaio JP (2002) Polyphasic taxonomy of the basidiomycetous yeast genus Rhodotorula: R. glutinis sensu stricto and R. dairenensis comb. nov. FEMS Yeast Res 2: 4758.
  • Gadanho M, Sampaio JP & Spencer-Martins I (2001) Polyphasic taxonomy of the basidiomycetous yeast genus Rhodosporidium: R. azoricum sp. nov. Can J Microbiol 47: 213221.
  • Gillissen B, Bergemann J, Sandmann C, Schroeer B, Bolker M & Kahmann R (1992) A two-component regulatory system for self/non-self recognition in Ustilago maydis. Cell 68: 647657.
  • Giraud T, Yockteng R, Lopez-Villavicencio M, Refregier G & Hood ME (2008) Mating system of the anther smut fungus Microbotryum violaceum: selfing under heterothallism. Eukaryot Cell 7: 765775.
  • Goddard MR, Godfray HC & Burt A (2005) Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations. Nature 434: 636640.
  • Gueho E, Smith MT, De Hoog GS, Billon-Grand G, Christen R & Batenburg-van der Vegte WH (1992) Contributions to a revision of the genus Trichosporon. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 61: 289316.
  • Gueho E, Midgley G & Guillot J (1996) The genus Malassezia with description of four new species. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 69: 337355.
  • Halliday CL, Bui T, Krockenberger M, Malik R, Ellis DH & Carter DA (1999) Presence of alpha and a mating types in environmental and clinical collections of Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii strains from Australia. J Clin Microbiol 37: 29202926.
  • Hawksworth DL (2001) The magnitude of fungal diversity: the 1.5 million species estimate revisited. Mycol Res 105: 14221432.
  • Hazen KC (1995) New and emerging yeast pathogens. Clin Microbiol Rev 8: 462478.
  • Heitman J (2006) Sexual reproduction and the evolution of microbial pathogens. Curr Biol 16: R711R725.
  • Herskowitz I, Rine J & Strathern JN (1992) Mating type determination and mating type interconversion in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Yeast Saccharomyces, Vol. 2: Gene Expression (JonesEW, PringleJR & BroachJR, eds), pp. 583656. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.
  • Hibbett DS (2006) A phylogenetic overview of the Agaricomycotina. Mycologia 98: 917925.
  • Hibbett DS & Donoghue MJ (2001) Analysis of character correlations among wood decay mechanisms, mating systems, and substrate ranges in homobasidiomycetes. Syst Biol 50: 215242.
  • Hibbett DS, Binder M, Bischoff JF et al. (2007) A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi. Mycol Res 111: 509547.
  • Ho CY, Adamson JG, Hodges RS & Smith M (1994) Heterodimerization of the yeast MATa1 and MAT alpha 2 proteins is mediated by two leucine zipper-like coiled-coil motifs. EMBO J 13: 14031413.
  • Hoang LM, Maguire JA, Doyle P, Fyfe M & Roscoe DL (2004) Cryptococcus neoformans infections at Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre (1997–2002): epidemiology, microbiology and histopathology. J Med Microbiol 53: 935940.
  • Hood ME (2002) Dimorphic mating type chromosomes in the fungus Microbotryum violaceum. Genetics 160: 457461.
  • Hood ME & Antonovics J (2000) Intratetrad mating, heterozygosity, and the maintenance of deleterious alleles in Microbotryum violaceum (=Ustilago violacea). Heredity 85: 231241.
  • Hull CM & Johnson AD (1999) Identification of a mating type-like locus in the asexual pathogenic yeast Candida albicans. Science 285: 12711275.
  • Hull CM, Raisner RM & Johnson AD (2000) Evidence for mating of the “asexual” yeast Candida albicans in a mammalian host. Science 289: 307310.
  • Hull CM, Boily MJ & Heitman J (2005) Sex-specific homeodomain proteins Sxi1alpha and Sxi2a coordinately regulate sexual development in Cryptococcus neoformans. Eukaryot Cell 4: 526535.
  • Idnurm A, Walton FJ, Floyd A & Heitman J (2008) Identification of the sex genes in an early diverged fungus. Nature 451: 193196.
  • Ikeda R, Sugita T & Shinoda T (2000) Serological relationships of Cryptococcus spp.: distribution of antigenic factors in Cryptococcus and intraspecies diversity. J Clin Microbiol 38: 40214025.
  • Ikeda R, Sugita T, Jacobson ES & Shinoda T (2002) Laccase and melanization in clinically important Cryptococcus species other than Cryptococcus neoformans. J Clin Microbiol 40: 12141218.
  • Kahmann R & Kamper J (2004) Ustilago maydis: how its biology relates to pathogenic development. New Phytol 164: 3142.
  • Kamper J, Reichmann M, Romeis T, Bolker M & Kahmann R (1995) Multiallelic recognition: nonself-dependent dimerization of the bE and bW homeodomain proteins in Ustilago maydis. Cell 81: 7383.
  • Khawcharoenporn T, Apisarnthanarak A & Mundy LM (2007) Non-neoformans cryptococcal infections: a systematic review. Infection 35: 5158.
  • Kidd SE, Hagen F, Tscharke RL, Huynh M, Bartlett KH, Fyfe M, Macdougall L, Boekhout T, Kwon-Chung KJ & Meyer W (2004) A rare genotype of Cryptococcus gattii caused the cryptococcosis outbreak on Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada). P Natl Acad Sci USA 101: 1725817263.
  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, David JC & Stalpers JA (2001) Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi, 9th edn. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.
  • Kordossis T, Avlami A, Velegraki A, Stefanou I, Georgakopoulos G, Papalambrou C & Legakis NJ (1998) First report of Cryptococcus laurentii meningitis and a fatal case of Cryptococcus albidus cryptococcaemia in AIDS patients. Med Mycol 36: 335339.
  • Koufopanou V, Burt A & Taylor JW (1997) Concordance of gene genealogies reveals reproductive isolation in the pathogenic fungus Coccidioides immitis. P Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 54785482.
  • Krajden S, Summerbell RC, Kane J, Salkin IF, Kemna ME, Rinaldi MG, Fuksa M, Spratt E, Rodrigues C & Choe J (1991) Normally saprobic cryptococci isolated from Cryptococcus neoformans infections. J Clin Microbiol 29: 18831887.
  • Krcmery Jr V, Mateicka F, Kunova A, Spanik S, Gyarfas J, Sycova Z & Trupl J (1999) Hematogenous trichosporonosis in cancer patients: report of 12 cases including 5 during prophylaxis with itraconazole. Support Care Cancer 7: 3943.
  • Kurjan J & Herskowitz I (1982) Structure of a yeast pheromone gene (MF alpha): a putative alpha-factor precursor contains four tandem copies of mature alpha-factor. Cell 30: 933943.
  • Kurtzman CP (1973) Formation of hyphae and chlamydospores by Cryptococcus laurentii. Mycologia 65: 388395.
  • Kwon-Chung KJ (1975) A new genus, Filobasidiella, the perfect state of Cryptococcus neoformans. Mycologia 67: 11971200.
  • Kwon-Chung KJ (1976) A new species of Filobasidiella, the sexual state of Cryptococcus neoformans B and C serotypes. Mycologia 68: 943946.
  • Kwon-Chung KJ & Bennett JE (1978) Distribution of alpha and a mating types of Cryptococcus neoformans among natural and clinical isolates. Am J Epidemiol 108: 337340.
  • Kwon-Chung KJ, Edman JC & Wickes BL (1992) Genetic association of mating types and virulence in Cryptococcus neoformans. Infect Immun 60: 602605.
  • Lagrou K, Massonet C, Theunissen K, Meersseman W, Lontie M, Verbeken E, Van Eldere J & Maertens J (2005) Fatal pulmonary infection in a leukaemic patient caused by Hormographiella aspergillata. J Med Microbiol 54: 685688.
  • Leberer E, Thomas DY & Whiteway M (1997) Pheromone signalling and polarized morphogenesis in yeast. Curr Opin Genet Dev 7: 5966.
  • Lee N, Bakkeren G, Wong K, Sherwood JE & Kronstad JW (1999) The mating type and pathogenicity locus of the fungus Ustilago hordei spans a 500-kb region. P Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 1502615031.
  • Lengeler KB, Wang P, Cox GM, Perfect JR & Heitman J (2000) Identification of the MATa mating type locus of Cryptococcus neoformans reveals a serotype A MATa strain thought to have been extinct. P Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 1445514460.
  • Lengeler KB, Fox DS, Fraser JA, Allen A, Forrester K, Dietrich FS & Heitman J (2002) mating type locus of Cryptococcus neoformans: a step in the evolution of sex chromosomes. Eukaryot Cell 1: 704718.
  • Lin X, Hull CM & Heitman J (2005) Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans. Nature 434: 10171021.
  • Litvintseva AP, Marra RE, Nielsen K, Heitman J, Vilgalys R & Mitchell TG (2003) Evidence of sexual recombination among Cryptococcus neoformans serotype A isolates in sub-Saharan Africa. Eukaryot Cell 2: 11621168.
  • Litvintseva AP, Thakur R, Vilgalys R & Mitchell TG (2005) Multilocus sequence typing reveals three genetically distinct subpopulations of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii (serotype A), including a unique population in Botswana. Genetics 172: 22232238.
  • Lyman CA, Devi SJ, Nathanson J, Frasch CE, Pizzo PA & Walsh TJ (1995) Detection and quantitation of the glucuronoxylomannan-like polysaccharide antigen from clinical and nonclinical isolates of Trichosporon beigelii and implications for pathogenicity. J Clin Microbiol 33: 126130.
  • Madhani HD & Fink GR (1998) The control of filamentous differentiation and virulence in fungi. Trends Cell Biol 8: 348353.
  • Magee BB & Magee PT (2000) Induction of mating in Candida albicans by construction of MTLa and MTLα strains. Science 289: 310313.
  • Martinez C, Roux C, Jauneau A & Dargent R (2002) The biological cycle of Sporisorium reilianum f.sp. zeae: an overview using microscopy. Mycologia 94: 505514.
  • Middelhoven WJ, Scorzetti G & Fell JW (2004) Systematics of the anamorphic basidiomycetous yeast genus Trichosporon Behrend with the description of five novel species: Trichosporon vadense, T. smithiae, T. dehoogii, T. scarabaeorum and T. gamsii. Int J Syst Evol Micr 54: 975986.
  • Mitchell TG (2005) Kingdom Fungi: fungal phylogeny and systematics. Topley & Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections. Vol. 5, Medical Mycology, 10th edn (MerzWG & HayRJ, eds), pp. 4368. Hodder Arnold, London.
  • Moore M, Russell WO & Sachs E (1946) Chronic leptomeningitis and ependymitis caused by Ustilago, probably U. zeae (corn smut) – ustilagomycosis, the 2nd reported instance of human infection. Am J Pathol 22: 761777.
  • Muller P, Weinzierl G, Brachmann A, Feldbrugge M & Kahmann R (2003) Mating and pathogenic development of the smut fungus Ustilago maydis are regulated by one mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. Eukaryot Cell 2: 11871199.
  • Nadal M, Garcia-Pedrajas MD & Gold SE (2008) Dimorphism in fungal plant pathogens. FEMS Microbiol Lett 284: 127134.
  • Neofytos D, Horn D & De Simone Jr JA (2007) Rhodotorula mucilaginosa catheter-related fungemia in a patient with sickle cell disease: case presentation and literature review. South Med J 100: 198200.
  • Nielsen K & Heitman J (2007) Sex and virulence of human pathogenic fungi. Adv Genet 57: 143173.
  • Nielsen K, Cox GM, Wang P, Toffaletti DL, Perfect JR & Heitman J (2003) Sexual cycle of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii and virulence of congenic a and alpha isolates. Infect Immun 71: 48314841.
  • Nielsen K, Cox GM, Litvintseva AP et al. (2005) Cryptococcus neoformans alpha strains preferentially disseminate to the central nervous system during coinfection. Infect Immun 73: 49224933.
  • Nielsen K, De Obaldia AL & Heitman J (2007) Cryptococcus neoformans mates on pigeon guano: implications for the realized ecological niche and globalization. Eukaryot Cell 6: 949959.
  • O'Shea SF, Chaure PT, Halsall JR, Olesnicky NS, Leibbrandt A, Connerton IF & Casselton LA (1998) A large pheromone and receptor gene complex determines multiple B mating type specificities in Coprinus cinereus. Genetics 148: 10811090.
  • Otto SP & Nuismer SL (2004) Species interactions and the evolution of sex. Science 304: 10181020.
  • Paoletti M, Rydholm C, Schwier EU, Anderson MJ, Szakacs G, Lutzoni F, Debeaupuis JP, Latge JP, Denning DW & Dyer PS (2005) Evidence for sexuality in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. Curr Biol 15: 12421248.
  • Patel R, Roberts GD, Kelly DG & Walker RC (1995) Central venous catheter infection due to Ustilago species. Clin Infect Dis 21: 10431044.
  • Plazas J, Portilla J, Boix V & Perez-Mateo M (1994) Sporobolomyces salmonicolor lymphadenitis in an AIDS patient. Pathogen or passenger? AIDS 8: 387388.
  • Powell KE, Dahl BA, Weeks RJ & Tosh FE (1972) Airborne Cryptococcus neoformans: particles from pigeon excreta compatible with alveolar deposition. J Infect Dis 125: 412415.
  • Preininger T (1937) Dermatomycosis that is conditional upon maize mildew (Ustilago maydis). Arch Dermatol Syph 176: 109113.
  • Raper J (1966) Genetics of Sexuality in Higher Fungi. Ronald Press Company, New York.
  • Rihs JD, Padhye AA & Good CB (1996) Brain abscess caused by Schizophyllum commune: an emerging basidiomycete pathogen. J Clin Microbiol 34: 16281632.
  • Ruiz A & Bulmer GS (1981) Particle size of airborne Cryptococcus neoformans in a tower. Appl Environ Microbiol 41: 12251229.
  • Sampaio JP, Gadanho M, Santos S, Duarte FL, Pais C, Fonseca A & Fell JW (2001) Polyphasic taxonomy of the basidiomycetous yeast genus Rhodosporidium: Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae and related anamorphic species. Int J Syst Evol Micr 51: 687697.
  • Saul N, Krockenberger M & Carter D (2008) Evidence of recombination in mixed-mating type and alpha-only populations of Cryptococcus gattii sourced from single eucalyptus tree hollows. Eukaryot Cell 7: 727734.
  • Schirawski J, Heinze B, Wagenknecht M & Kahmann R (2005) Mating type loci of Sporisorium reilianum: novel pattern with three a and multiple b specificities. Eukaryot Cell 4: 13171327.
  • Schulz B, Banuett F, Dahl M, Schlesinger R, Schafer W, Martin T, Herskowitz I & Kahmann R (1990) The b alleles of U. maydis, whose combinations program pathogenic development, code for polypeptides containing a homeodomain-related motif. Cell 60: 295306.
  • Seifert K & Gams W (2001) The taxonomy of anamorphic fungi. The Mycota VII, Part A. Systematics and Evolution (McLaughlinDJ, McLaughlinE & LemkePA, eds), pp. 307347. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Serena C, Pastor FJ, Ortoneda M, Capilla J, Nolard N & Guarro J (2004) In vitro antifungal susceptibilities of uncommon basidiomycetous yeasts. Antimicrob Agents Ch 48: 27242726.
  • Sexton AC & Howlett BJ (2006) Parallels in fungal pathogenesis on plant and animal hosts. Eukaryot Cell 5: 19411949.
  • Sharma V, Shankar J & Kotamarthi V (2006) Endogeneous endophthalmitis caused by Sporobolomyces salmonicolor. Eye 20: 945946.
  • Shifrine M & Marr AG (1963) Requirement of fatty acids by Pityrosporum ovale. J Gen Microbiol 32: 263270.
  • Shivas RG & Hyde KD (1997) Biodiversity of plant pathogenic fungi in the tropics. Biodiversity of Tropical Microfungi (HydeKD, ed), pp. 4756. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.
  • Spellig T, Bolker M, Lottspeich F, Frank RW & Kahmann R (1994) Pheromones trigger filamentous growth in Ustilago maydis. EMBO J 13: 16201627.
  • Stankis MM, Specht CA, Yang H, Giasson L, Ullrich RC & Novotny CP (1992) The A alpha mating locus of Schizophyllum commune encodes two dissimilar multiallelic homeodomain proteins. P Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 71697173.
  • Steinberg G (2007) Hyphal growth: a tale of motors, lipids, and the Spitzenkorper. Eukaryot Cell 6: 351360.
  • Sugita T, Takashima M, Ikeda R, Nakase T & Shinoda T (2000) Intraspecies diversity of Cryptococcus laurentii as revealed by sequences of internal transcribed spacer regions and 28S rRNA gene and taxonomic position of C. laurentii clinical isolates. J Clin Microbiol 38: 14681471.
  • Sugita T, Takashima M, Poonwan N et al. (2003) The first isolation of ustilaginomycetous anamorphic yeasts, Pseudozyma species, from patients' blood and a description of two new species: P. parantarctica and P. thailandica. Microbiol Immunol 47: 183190.
  • Sukroongreung S, Kitiniyom K, Nilakul C & Tantimavanich S (1998) Pathogenicity of basidiospores of Filobasidiella neoformans var. neoformans. Med Mycol 36: 419424.
  • Swann E, Frieders E & McLaughlin D (2001) Urediniomycetes. The Mycota VII, Part B. Systematics and Evolution (McLaughlinDJ, McLaughlinEG & LemkePA, eds), pp. 3756. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Takashima M, Sugita T, Shinoda T & Nakase T (2003) Three new combinations from the Cryptococcus laurentii complex: Cryptococcus aureus, Cryptococcus carnescens and Cryptococcus peneaus. Int J Syst Evol Micr 53: 11871194.
  • Tashiro T, Nagai H, Kamberi P, Goto Y, Kikuchi H, Nasu M & Akizuki S (1994) Disseminated Trichosporon beigelii infection in patients with malignant diseases: immunohistochemical study and review. Eur J Clin Microbiol 13: 218224.
  • Tashiro T, Nagai H, Nagaoka H, Goto Y, Kamberi P & Nasu M (1995) Trichosporon beigelii pneumonia in patients with hematologic malignancies. Chest 108: 190195.
  • Thakur K, Singh G, Agarwal S & Rani L (2007) Meningitis caused by Rhodotorula rubra in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient. Indian J Med Microbiol 25: 166168.
  • Thomas DS, Ingham E, Bojar RA & Holland KT (2008) In vitro modulation of human keratinocyte pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production by the capsule of Malassezia species. FEMS Immunol Med Mic 54: 203214.
  • Trilles L, Lazera MS, Wanke B, Oliveira RV, Barbosa GG, Nishikawa MM, Morales BP & Meyer W (2008) Regional pattern of the molecular types of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii in Brazil. Mem I Oswaldo Cruz 103: 455462.
  • Tuon FF & Costa SF (2008) Rhodotorula infection. A systematic review of 128 cases from literature. Rev Iberoam Micol 25: 135140.
  • Tuon FF, De Almeida GM & Costa SF (2007) Central venous catheter-associated fungemia due to Rhodotorula spp. – a systematic review. Med Mycol 45: 441447.
  • Tymon AM, Kues U, Richardson WV & Casselton LA (1992) A fungal mating type protein that regulates sexual and asexual development contains a POU-related domain. EMBO J 11: 18051813.
  • Vaillancourt LJ, Raudaskoski M, Specht CA & Raper CA (1997) Multiple genes encoding pheromones and a pheromone receptor define the B beta 1 mating type specificity in Schizophyllum commune. Genetics 146: 541551.
  • Valerio E, Gadanho M & Sampaio JP (2008a) Reappraisal of the Sporobolomyces roseus species complex and description of Sporidiobolus metaroseus sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Micr 58: 736741.
  • Valerio E, Gadanho M & Sampaio JP (2008b) Sporidiobolus johnsonii and Sporidiobolus salmonicolor revisited. Mycol Prog 7: 125131.
  • Van der Walt JP (1970) The perfect and imperfect states of Sporobolomyces salmonicolor. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 36: 4955.
  • Vanky K (1987) Illustrated Genera of Smut Fungi. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart.
  • Walsh TJ, Lee JW, Melcher GP, Navarro E, Bacher J, Callender D, Reed KD, Wu T, Lopez-Berestein G & Pizzo PA (1992) Experimental Trichosporon infection in persistently granulocytopenic rabbits: implications for pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of an emerging opportunistic mycosis. J Infect Dis 166: 121133.
  • Walsh TJ, Groll A, Hiemenz J, Fleming R, Roilides E & Anaissie E (2004) Infections due to emerging and uncommon medically important fungal pathogens. Clin Microbiol Infect 10 (suppl 1): 4866.
  • Wang P, Nichols CB, Lengeler KB, Cardenas ME, Cox GM, Perfect JR & Heitman J (2002) mating type-specific and nonspecific PAK kinases play shared and divergent roles in Cryptococcus neoformans. Eukaryot Cell 1: 257272.
  • Wells K & Bandoni RJ (2001) Heterobasidiomycetes. The Mycota VII, Part B. Systematics and Evolution (McLaughlinDJ, McLaughlinEG & LemkePA, eds), pp. 85120. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Wendland J, Vaillancourt LJ, Hegner J, Lengeler KB, Laddison KJ, Specht CA, Raper CA & Kothe E (1995) The mating type locus B alpha 1 of Schizophyllum commune contains a pheromone receptor gene and putative pheromone genes. EMBO J 14: 52715278.
  • Whitehouse HLK (1949) Multiple allelomorph heterothallism in the fungi. New Phytol 48: 212244.
  • Wickes BL, Mayorga ME, Edman U & Edman JC (1996) Dimorphism and haploid fruiting in Cryptococcus neoformans: association with the alpha-mating type. P Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 73277331.
  • Woo PC, Chong KT, Tse H, Cai JJ, Lau CC, Zhou AC, Lau SK & Yuen KY (2006) Genomic and experimental evidence for a potential sexual cycle in the pathogenic thermal dimorphic fungus Penicillium marneffei. FEBS Lett 580: 34093416.
  • Xu J, Saunders CW, Hu P et al. (2007) Dandruff-associated Malassezia genomes reveal convergent and divergent virulence traits shared with plant and human fungal pathogens. P Natl Acad Sci USA 104: 1873018735.
  • Xue C, Tada Y, Dong X & Heitman J (2007) The human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus can complete its sexual cycle during a pathogenic association with plants. Cell Host Microbe 1: 263273.
  • Yockteng R, Marthey S, Chiapello H, Gendrault A, Hood ME, Rodolphe F, Devier B, Wincker P, Dossat C & Giraud T (2007) Expressed sequences tags of the anther smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum, identify mating and pathogenicity genes. BMC Genomics 8: 272.
  • Zimmer BL, Hempel HO & Goodman NL (1984) Pathogenicity of the basidiospores of Filobasidiella neoformans. Mycopathologia 85: 149153.