Get access

Seeking Sustainable Solutions: Using an Attractor Simulation Platform for Teaching Multistakeholder Negotiation in Complex Cases


Andrzej Nowak is a professor of psychology at the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw, Poland. His e-mail address is

Lan Bui-Wrzosinska is on the faculty of the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities. Her e-mail address is

Peter T. Coleman is an associate professor of psychology and education and director of the International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution at Columbia University, Teachers College in New York. His e-mail address is

Robin Vallacher is professor of psychology at the Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida. His e-mail address is

Lukasz Jochemczyk is an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Warsaw. His e-mail address is

Wieslaw Bartkowski is on faculty of the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities. His e-mail address is


We live and work in an increasingly complex and dynamic world. The demands of working in such environments require that negotiators understand situations of conflict and work with these situations in correspondingly complex and dynamic ways. Dynamical systems theory offers important insights and tools to enhance the understanding of difficult social conflicts, including the conceptualization of ongoing destructive conflicts as strong attractors: a particular form of self-organization of multiple elements comprising the mental and social systems associated with conflict. This article describes the pedagogical use of a computer simulation of conflict attractors (the attractor software) that allows participants to visualize and work interactively with the dynamics of conflict as they unfold over time. It further describes a negotiation workshop that employs the simulation to enhance participants' understanding of complex long-term dynamics in conflict and presents the findings of two outcome studiescomparing the effectiveness of a workshop that employed the simulation with one that employed a traditional integrative problem-solving method. While not definitive, these studies suggest that an understanding of the dynamical approach to conflict, supported by use of the attractor software, can promote the generation of more sustainable solutions for long-term conflicts.