Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota, 909 Social Sciences, 267 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455; e-mail: email@example.com.
Ethnic Community and Ethnic Boundaries in a “Sauce-Scented Neighborhood”1
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012
© 2012 Eastern Sociological Society
Volume 27, Issue 3, pages 617–640, September 2012
How to Cite
Smajda, J. and Gerteis, J. (2012), Ethnic Community and Ethnic Boundaries in a “Sauce-Scented Neighborhood”. Sociological Forum, 27: 617–640. doi: 10.1111/j.1573-7861.2012.01338.x
Research was supported by the Edelstein Family Foundation as part of the American Mosaic Project at the University of Minnesota. We thank Douglas Hartmann, Penny Edgell, and the rest of the American Mosaic Project for feedback and assistance.
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012
This article investigates the problem of ethnic boundary making in a changing context. Our case is Boston’s North End, a historically Italian neighborhood undergoing changes to its social and physical environment, making the ethnic definition of neighborhood identity and belonging more difficult though not less salient. Consequently, participants in the workings of the neighborhood—residents, business owners, politicians—face challenges of both boundary placement (who is Italian and who is not?), as well as cultural content (what does it mean to be “Italian”?). Rather than viewing Italian ethnicity as simply weakening over time, we argue that the North End shows ethnicity is in a stage of category divergence, where the still-dominant ethnic identity is juxtaposed not against another ethnic out-group, but at various times against boundaries of class and race, commercial and community values, even city political boundaries. Drawing on ethnographic research and in-depth interviews, we describe three group identity frames that illustrate these processes and reveal how Italian ethnicity continues to animate discourse and action in the neighborhood.