Tariff equivalents of nontariff measures: the case of European horticultural and fish imports from African countries

Authors

  • Nicodème Nimenya,

    1. Faculté d’Agronomie, Université du Burundi, B.P 2940 Bujumbura, Burundi
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  • Pascal-Firmin Ndimira,

    1. Faculté d’Agronomie, Université du Burundi, B.P 2940 Bujumbura, Burundi
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  • Bruno Henry de Frahan

    Corresponding author
    1. Earth and Life Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Place de la Croix du Sud 2, bte L7.05.15, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
      Tel.: +32 10 473673; fax: +32 10 473675. E-mail address: bruno.henrydefrahan@uclouvain.be (B. Henry de Frahan).
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  • Data Appendix Available Online A data appendix to replicate main results is available in the online version of this article. Please note: Wiley-Blackwell is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. Any queries (other than missing material) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article.

Tel.: +32 10 473673; fax: +32 10 473675. E-mail address: bruno.henrydefrahan@uclouvain.be (B. Henry de Frahan).

Abstract

In the context of the Partnership Agreements between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean, and Pacific countries, this study estimates ad valorem tariff equivalents of European food safety standards on imports of key horticultural and fish products from Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. The study uses an extension of the price-wedge method to account for imperfect substitution and factor endowment in monopolistic competition. The estimated tariff equivalents are 55% and 98% for imports of fresh peas from Zambia to the Netherlands and the U.K., respectively. They range from 39% to 64% for imports of green beans and avocados from Kenya and from 63% to 270% for imports of frozen fish fillets in EU countries from the East African Community. We also observe large variations in tariff equivalents for the horticultural and fish products over time and EU importing countries.

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