Editor: Jiri Damborsky
Fungal laccases – occurrence and properties
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2005
FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume 30, Issue 2, pages 215–242, March 2006
How to Cite
Baldrian, P. (2006), Fungal laccases – occurrence and properties. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 30: 215–242. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-4976.2005.00010.x
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2005
- Received 27 May 2005; revised 1 September 2005; accepted 1 September 2005.
- humic substances;
- wood-rotting fungi
Laccases of fungi attract considerable attention due to their possible involvement in the transformation of a wide variety of phenolic compounds including the polymeric lignin and humic substances. So far, more than a 100 enzymes have been purified from fungal cultures and characterized in terms of their biochemical and catalytic properties. Most ligninolytic fungal species produce constitutively at least one laccase isoenzyme and laccases are also dominant among ligninolytic enzymes in the soil environment. The fact that they only require molecular oxygen for catalysis makes them suitable for biotechnological applications for the transformation or immobilization of xenobiotic compounds.