• [1]
    Whipps, J.M. and Lynch, J.M. (1985) Energy losses by the plant in rhizodeposition. In: Plant Products and the New Technology, Annu. Proc. Phytochem. Soc. Eur. (Fuller, K.W. and Gallon, J.R., Eds.), pp. 59–71. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • [2]
    Brimecombe, M.J., De Leij, F.A. and Lynch, J.M. (2001) The effect of root exudates on rhizosphere microbial communities. In: The Rhizosphere. Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil–Plant Interface (Pinton, R., Varanini, Z. and Nannipieri, P., Eds.), pp. 95–140. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • [3]
    Newman, E.I. (1985) The rhizosphere: carbon sources and microbial populations. In: Ecological Interactions in Soil (Fitter, A.H., Ed.), pp. 107–121. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.
  • [4]
    Neumann, G. and Römheld, V. (2001) The release of root exudates as affected by the plant's physiological status. In: The Rhizosphere. Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil–Plant Interface (Pinton, R., Varanini, Z. and Nannipieri, P., Eds.), pp. 41–94. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • [5]
    Reid, C.P.P. (1990) Mycorrhizas. In: The Rhizosphere (Lynch, J.M., Ed.), pp. 281–316. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.
  • [6]
    Martin, F.M., Perotto, S. and Bonfante, P. (2001) Mycorrhizal fungi: a fungal community at the interface of soil and roots. In: The Rhizosphere. Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil–Plant Interface (Pinton, R., Varanini, Z. and Nannipieri, P., Eds.), pp. 263–296. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • [7]
    Petrini, O. (1986) Taxonomy of endophytic fungi in aerial plant tissues. In: Microbiology of the Phyllosphere (Fokkema, N.J. and van den Heuvel, J., Eds.), pp. 175–187. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • [8]
    Schulze, E.D., and Mooney, H.A. (1993) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function. Springer, New York.
  • [9]
    Hooper, D.U., Vitousek, P.M. (1997) The influence of plant composition and diversity on ecosystem processes. Science 277, 13021305.
  • [10]
    Bever, J.D., Westover, K.M., Antonovics, J. (1997) Incorporating the soil community into population dynamics: the utility of the feedback approach. J. Ecol. 85, 561573.
  • [11]
    Van der Heijden, M.G.A., Klironomos, J.N., Ursic, M., Moutoglis, P., Streitwolf-Engel, R., Boller, T., Wiemken, A., Sanders, I.R. (1998) Myccorhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature 396, 6972.
  • [12]
    Grayston, S.J., Wang, S., Cambpell, C.D., Edwards, A.C. (1998) Selective influence of plant species on microbial diversity in the rhizosphere. Soil Biol. Biochem. 30, 369378.
  • [13]
    Westover, K.M., Kennedy, A.C., Kelley, S.E. (1997) Patterns of rhizosphere microbial community structure associated with co-occurring plant species. J. Ecol. 85, 863873.
  • [14]
    Watkinson, A.R. (1998) The role of the soil community in plant population dynamics. Trends Ecol. Evol. 13, 171172.
  • [15]
    Southwood, T.R.E. (1985) Interactions of plants with animals: patterns and processes. Oikos 44, 511.
  • [16]
    Read, D.J. (1997) Mycorrhizal fungi: the ties that bind. Nature 388, 517518.
  • [17]
    Prell, H.H. and Day, P.R. (2000) Plant–Fungal Pathogen Interaction. A Classical and Molecular View. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • [18]
    Burdon, J.J. (1993) The structure and pathogen populations in natural plant communities. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 31, 305323.
  • [19]
    Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Baldauf, S.L., Leyval, C., Stracek, J., Young, J.P.W. (2002) Extensive fungal diversity in plant roots. Science 295 2051.
  • [20]
    Harborne, J.B. (2000) Arsenal for survival: secondary plant products. Taxon 49, 435449.
  • [21]
    Hartmann, T. (1996) Diversity and variability of plant secondary metabolism: a mechanistic view. Entomol. Gen. Appl. 80, 177188.
  • [22]
    Harborne, J.B. (1993) Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry, 4th edn. Academic Press, Oxford.
  • [23]
    Sheen, J., Zhou, L., Jang, J.-C. (1999) Sugars as signaling molecules. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 2, 410418.
  • [24]
    Thellung, A. (1925–1926) Peucedanum. In: Ilustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa. Band V/2 (Hegi, G., Ed.), pp. 1363–1404. J.F. Lehmanns Verlag, Munich.
  • [25]
    Morse, C.C., Yevdokimov, I.V., DeLuca, T. (2000) In situ extraction of rhizosphere organic compounds from contrasting plant communities. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 31, 725742.
  • [26]
    Kantona, Z.F., Sass, P., Molnár-Perl, I. (1999) Simultanous determination of sugars, sugar alcohols, acids and amino acids in apricots by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. Ser. A 847, 91102.
  • [27]
  • [28]
    Warcup, J.H. (1950) The soil–plate method. Nature 170, 166167.
  • [29]
    Gams, W., Domsch, K.H. (1967) Beiträge zur Anwendung der Bodenwaschtechnik für die Isolierung von Bodenpilzen. Arch. Mikrobiol. 58, 134144.
  • [30]
    Gams, W. (1992) The analysis of communities of saprophytic microfungi with special reference to soil fungi. In: Fungi in Vegetation Science (Winterhoff, W., Ed.), pp. 183–224. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.
  • [31]
    Gams, W., Van Laar, W. (1982) The use of solacol (validamycin) as a growth retardant in the isolation of soil fungi. Neth. J. Plant Pathol. 88, 3945.
  • [32]
    Holdenrieder, O., Sieber, T.N. (1992) Fungal association of serially washed non-mycorrhizal roots of Picea abies. Mycol. Res. 96, 151156.
  • [33]
    Schulz, B., Wanke, U., Draeger, S., Aust, H.J. (1993) Endophytes from herbaceous plant and shrubs: effectiveness of surface sterilisation methods. Mycol. Res. 97, 14471450.
  • [34]
    Gams, W., Domsch, K.H. and Anderson, T.-H. (1980) Compendium of Soil Fungi, Vol. 1. IHW Verlag, Eching.
  • [35]
    Christensen, M., Frisvad, J.C., Tuthill, D. (1999) Taxonomy of the Penicillium myczynskii group based on morphology and secondary metabolites. Mycol. Res. 103, 527541.
  • [36]
  • [37]
    Norusis, M.J. (1999) SPSS Advanced Models 9.0. SPSS, Chicago, IL.
  • [38]
    Turner, J.R. and Thayer, J.F. (2001) Introduction to Analysis of Variance. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
  • [39]
    Nehls, U., Wiese, J. and Hampp, R. (2000) External sugar concentration as a signal controling ectomycorrhizal fungal gene expression. In: Current Advances in Mycorrhizal Research (Poldila, G. and Douds, D.D., Jr., Eds.), pp. 1–26. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
  • [40]
    Coruzzi, G.M., Zhou, L. (2001) Carbon and nitrogen sensing and signaling in plants: emerging matrix effects. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 4, 247253.
  • [41]
    Sequerra, J., Capellano, A., Gianinazzi-Pearson, V., Moiroud, A. (1995) Ultrastructure of cortical root cells of Alnus incana infected by Penicillium nodositatum. New Phytol. 130, 545555.
  • [42]
    Collado, J., Platas, G., Gonzalez, I., Pelaez, F. (2000) Geographical and seasonal influences on the distribution of fungal endophytes in Quercus ilex. New Phytol. 144, 525532.
  • [43]
    Stierle, A.A. and Stierle, D.B. (2000) Bioactive compounds from four endophytic Penicillium sp. of a Northwest Pacific yew tree. In: Studies in Natural Product Chemistry, Vol. 24: Bioactive Natural Products, Part E (Atta-ur-Rahman, Ed.), pp. 933–977. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • [44]
    Sinclair, J.B. and Cerkauskas, R.F. (1996) Latent infection vs. endophytic colonization by fungi. In: Endophytic Fungi in Grasses and Woody Plants: Systematics, Ecology, and Evolution (Redlin, S.C. and Carris, L.M., Eds.), pp. 3–29. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
  • [45]
    Clay, K. (1992) Fungal endophytes of plants: biological and chemical diversity. Nat. Toxins 1, 147149.
  • [46]
    Hallmann, J., Sikora, R.A. (1996) Toxicity of fungal endophyte secondary metabolites to plant parasitic nematodes and soil-borne plant pathogenic fungi. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 102, 155162.
  • [47]
    Hammerschmidt, R. and Nicholson, R.L. (1999) A survey of plant defenses to pathogens. In: Induced Plant Defenses against Pathogens and Herbivores (Agrawal, A.A., Tuzun, S. and Bent, E., Eds.), pp. 55–72. APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
  • [48]
    Buyer, J.S., Roberts, D.P., Millner, P., Russek-Cohen, E. (2001) Analysis of fungal communities by sole carbon source utilization profiles. J. Microbiol. Methods 45, 5360.
  • [49]
    Werner, D. (2001) Organic signals between plants and microorganisms. In: The Rhizosphere. Biochemistry and Organic Substances at the Soil–Plant Interface (Pinton, R., Varanini, Z. and Nannipieri, P., Eds.), pp. 197–222. Marcel Dekker, New York.