Analysis of bacterial diversity in the canine duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon by comparative 16S rRNA gene analysis

Authors

  • Jan S. Suchodolski,

    1. Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
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  • Jennifer Camacho,

    1. Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
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  • Jörg M. Steiner

    1. Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
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  • Editor: Julian Marchesi

Correspondence: Jan S. Suchodolski, Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, 4474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4474, USA. Tel.: +1979 458 0933; fax: +1979 458 4015; e-mail: jsuchodolski@cvm.tamu.edu

Abstract

The study aim was to describe the diversity of the intraluminal intestinal microbial community in dogs by direct sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. Intestinal content was collected from the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon from six healthy dogs. Bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified with universal bacterial primers. Amplicons were ligated into cloning vectors and near-full-length 16S rRNA gene inserts were analyzed. From a total of 864 clones analyzed, 106 nonredundant 16S rRNA gene sequences were identified. Forty-two (40%) sequences showed<98% sequence similarity to 16S rRNA gene sequences reported previously. Operation taxonomic units were classified into four phyla: Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria. Clostridiales predominated in the duodenum (40% of clones) and jejunum (39%), and were highly abundant in the ileum (25%) and colon (26%). Sequences affiliated with Clostridium cluster XI and Clostridium cluster XIVa dominated in the proximal small intestine and colon, respectively. Fusobacteriales and Bacteroidales were the most abundant bacterial order in the ileum (33%) and colon (30%). Enterobacteriales were more commonly observed in the small intestine than in the colon. Lactobacillales occurred commonly in all parts of the intestine.

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