Present address: Tracy H. Hazen, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA.
The contribution of mobile genetic elements to the evolution and ecology of Vibrios
Article first published online: 23 JUN 2010
© 2010 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Volume 74, Issue 3, pages 485–499, December 2010
How to Cite
Hazen, T. H., Pan, L., Gu, J.-D. and Sobecky, P. A. (2010), The contribution of mobile genetic elements to the evolution and ecology of Vibrios. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 74: 485–499. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2010.00937.x
Editor: Ian Head
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 23 JUN 2010
- Received 23 November 2009; revised 11 May 2010; accepted 14 June 2010.Final version published online 20 July 2010.
- mobile genetic elements;
- Vibrio parahaemolyticus
An increase in the frequency of seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans and Vibrio-related disease of fish and invertebrates has generated interest in the ecology of disease-causing Vibrios and the mechanisms driving their evolution. Genome sequencing studies have indicated a substantial contribution of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) to the evolution of Vibrios. Of particular interest is the contribution of HGT to the evolution of Vibrios pathogens and the adaptation of disease-causing Vibrios for survival in diverse environments. In this review, we discuss the diversity and distribution of mobile genetic elements (MGEs) isolated from Vibrios and the contribution of these elements to the expansion of the ecological and pathogenic niches of the host strain. Much of the research on Vibrio MGEs has focused on understanding phages and plasmids and we will primarily discuss the evolution of these elements and also briefly highlight the other diverse elements characterized from Vibrios, which includes genomic islands and conjugative elements.