Editor: Ian Head
Nitrogen turnover in soil and global change
Version of Record online: 29 JUL 2011
© 2011 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Special Issue: Ecology and metagenomics of soil microorganisms
Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 3–16, October 2011
How to Cite
Ollivier, J., Töwe, S., Bannert, A., Hai, B., Kastl, E.-M., Meyer, A., Su, M. X., Kleineidam, K. and Schloter, M. (2011), Nitrogen turnover in soil and global change. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 78: 3–16. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01165.x
- Issue online: 12 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 29 JUL 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 27 JUN 2011 12:08PM EST
- Received 23 January 2011; revised 18 May 2011; accepted 20 June 2011., Final version published online 29 July 2011.
- nitrogen cycle;
- nitrogen fixation;
Nitrogen management in soils has been considered as key to the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems and a protection of major ecosystem services. However, the microorganisms driving processes like nitrification, denitrification, N-fixation and mineralization are highly influenced by changing climatic conditions, intensification of agriculture and the application of new chemicals to a so far unknown extent. In this review, the current knowledge concerning the influence of selected scenarios of global change on the abundance, diversity and activity of microorganisms involved in nitrogen turnover, notably in agricultural and grassland soils, is summarized and linked to the corresponding processes. In this context, data are presented on nitrogen-cycling processes and the corresponding microbial key players during ecosystem development and changes in functional diversity patterns during shifts in land use. Furthermore, the impact of increased temperature, carbon dioxide and changes in precipitation regimes on microbial nitrogen turnover is discussed. Finally, some examples of the effects of pesticides and antibiotics after application to soil for selected processes of nitrogen transformation are also shown.