SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • [1]
    von Mutius, E (1998) The rising trends in asthma and allergic disease. Clin. Exp. Allergy 28 (Suppl. 5), 4549.
  • [2]
    Reijula, K, Haahtela, T, Klaukka, T, Rantanen, J (1996) Incidence of occupational asthma and persistent asthma in young adults has increased in Finland. Chest 110, 5861.
  • [3]
    Shaheen, S.O, Aaby, P, Hall, A.J, Barker, D.J, Heyes, C.B, Shiell, A.W, Goudiaby, A (1996) Measles and atopy in Guinea-Bissau. Lancet 347, 17921796.
  • [4]
    Strachan, D.P (1997) Allergy and family size: a riddle worth solving. Clin. Exp. Allergy 27, 235236.
  • [5]
    Strachan, D.P (1989) Hay fever, hygiene, and household size. Br. Med. J. 229, 12591260.
  • [6]
    Prescott, S.L, Macaubas, C, Holt, B.J, Smallacombe, T.B, Loh, R, Sly, P.D, Holt, P.G (1998) Transplacental priming of the human immune system to environmental allergens: universal skewing of initial T cell responses toward the Th2 cytokine profile. J. Immunol. 160, 47304737.
  • [7]
    Kirjavainen, P.V, Apostolou, E, Salminen, S.J, Isolauri, E (1999) New aspects of probiotics – a novel approach in the management of food allergy. Allergy 54, 909915.
  • [8]
    Kalliomäki, M, Salminen, S, Arvilommi, H, Kero, P, Koskinen, P, Isolauri, E (2001) Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 357, 10761079.
  • [9]
    Hessle, C, Andersson, B, Wold, A.E (2000) Gram-positive bacteria are potent inducers of monocytic interleukin-12 (IL-12) while Gram-negative bacteria preferentially stimulate IL-10 production. Infect. Immun. 68, 35813586.
  • [10]
    Bjorksten, B, Sepp, E, Julge, K, Voor, T, Mikelsaar, M (2001) Allergy development and the intestinal Microflora duringthe first year of life. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 108, 516520.
  • [11]
    Kalliomäki, M, Kirjavainen, P, Eerola, E, Kero, P, Salminen, S, Isolauri, E (2001) Distinct patterns of neonatal gut microflora in infants developing or not developing atopy. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 107, 129134.
  • [12]
    Neish, A.S, Gewirtz, A.T, Zeng, H, Young, A.N, Hobert, M.E, Karmali, V, Rao, A.S, Madara, J.L (2000) Prokaryotic regulation of epithelial responses by inhibition of IκB-α ubiquitination. Science 289, 15601563.
  • [13]
    De Simone, C, Ciardi, A, Grassi, A, Lambert Gardini, S, Tzantzoglou, S, Trinchieri, V, Moretti, S, Jirillo, E (1992) Effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus acidophilus on gut mucosa and peripheral blood B lymphocytes. Immunopharmacol. Immunotoxicol. 14, 331340.
  • [14]
    Kaila, M, Isolauri, E, Soppi, E, Virtanen, E, Laine, S, Arvilommi, H (1992) Enhancement of the circulating antibody secreting cell response in human diarrhoea by a human Lactobacillus strain. Pediatr. Res. 32, 141144.
  • [15]
    Majamaa, H, Isolauri, E, Saxelin, M, Vesikari, T (1995) Lactic acid bacteria in the treatment of acute rotavirus gastro-enteritis. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 20, 333338.
  • [16]
    Moreau, M.C, Ducluzeau, R, Guy-Grand, D, Muller, M.C (1978) Increase in the population of duodenal IgA plasmocytes in axenic mice monoassociated with different living or dead bacterial strains of intestinal origin. Infect. Immun. 21, 532539.
  • [17]
    Yasui, H, Nagaoka, N, Mike, A, Hayakawa, K, Ohwaki, M (1992) Detection of Bifidobacterium strains that induce large quantities of IgA. Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 5, 155162.
  • [18]
    Dahlgren, U.I.H, Wold, A.E, Hanson, L.A, Midtvedt, T (1991) Expression of a dietary protein in E. coli renders it strongly antigenic to gut lymphoid tissue. Immunology 73, 394397.
  • [19]
    Isolauri, E, Majamaa, H, Arvola, T, Rantala, I, Virtanen, E, Arvilommi, H (1993) Lactobacillus casei strain GG reverses increased intestinal permeability induced by cow milk in suckling rats. Gastroenterology 105, 16431650.
  • [20]
    Sütas, Y, Hurme, M, Isolauri, E (1996) Down-regulation of anti-CD3 antibody-induced IL-4 production by bovine caseins hydrolysed with Lactobacillus GG-derived enzymes. Scand. J. Immunol. 43, 687689.
  • [21]
    Sütas, Y, Soppi, E, Korhonen, H, Syväoja, E.L, Saxelin, M, Rokka, T, Isolauri, E (1996) Suppression of lymphocyte proliferation in vitro by bovine caseins hydrolysed with Lactobacillus casei GG-derived enzymes. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 98, 216224.
  • [22]
    Wallace, J.R, McKain, N (1997) Peptidase activity of Human Colonic Bacteria. Anaerobe 3, 251257.
  • [23]
    Murch, S.H (2001) Toll of allergy reduced by probiotics. Lancet 357, 10571059.
  • [24]
    Hanifin, J.M (1987) Epidemiology of atopic dermatitis. Monogr. Allergy 21, 116131.
  • [25]
    Isolauri, E, Sütas, Y, Salo, M.K, Isosomppi, R, Kaila, M (1998) Elimination diet in cow's milk allergy: risk for impaired growth in young children. J. Pediatr. 132, 10041009.
  • [26]
    Isolauri, E, Tahvanainen, A, Peltola, T, Arvola, T (1999) Breast-feeding of allergic infants. J. Pediatr. 134, 2732.
  • [27]
    European Task Force on Atopic Dermatitis (1993) Severity scoring of atopic dermatitis: the SCORAD Index. Dermatology 186, 23–31.
  • [28]
    Apostolou, E, Pelto, L, Kirjavainen, P.V, Isolauri, E, Salminen, S.J, Gibson, G.R (2001) Differences in the gut bacterial flora of healthy and milk-hypersensitive adults, as measured by fluorescence in situ hybridization. FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol. 30, 217221.
  • [29]
    Langendijk, P.S, Schut, F, Jansen, G.J, Raangs, G.C, Kamphuis, G.R, Wilkinson, M.H.F, Welling, G.W (1995) Quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization of Bifidobacterium spp. with genus-specific 16S rRNA-targeted probes and its application in fecal samples. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 61, 30693075.
  • [30]
    Manz, W, Amann, R, Ludwig, W, Vancanneyt, M, Schleifer, K.H (1996) Application of a suite of 16S rRNA-specific oligonucleotide probes designed to investigate bacteria of the phylum cytophaga-flavobacter-bacteroides in the natural environment. Microbiology 142, 10971106.
  • [31]
    Harmsen, H.J.M, Elfferich, P, Schut, F, Welling, G.W (1999) A 16S rRNA-targeted probe for detection of lactobacilli and enterococci in fecal samples by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 11, 312.
  • [32]
    Harmsen, H.J.M, Gibson, G.R, Elfferich, P, Raangs, G.C, Wildeboer-Veloo, A.C, Argaiz, A, Roberfroid, M.B, Welling, G.W (2000) Comparison of viable cell counts and fluorescence in situ hybridization using specific rRNA-based probes for the quantification of human fecal bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 183, 125129.
  • [33]
    Berger, R.L (1996) More powerful tests from confidence interval p values. Am. Stat. 50, 314318.
  • [34]
    Sudo, N, Sawamura, S, Tanaka, K, Aiba, Y, Kubo, C, Koga, Y (1997) The requirement of intestinal bacterial flora for the development of an IgE production system fully susceptible to oral tolerance induction. J. Immunol. 159, 17391745.
  • [35]
    Kirjavainen, P.V, Gibson, G.R (1999) Healthy gut microflora and allergy: factors influencing development of the microbiota. Ann. Med. 31, 288292.
  • [36]
    Hooper, L.V, Wong, M.H, Thelin, A, Hansson, L, Falk, P.G, Gordon, J.L (2001) Molecular analysis of commensal host-microbial relationships in the intestine. Science 291, 881884.
  • [37]
    Montgomery, S.M, Wakefield, A.J, Morris, D.L, Pounder, R.E, Murch, S.H (2000) The initial care of newborn infants and subsequent hay fever. Allergy 55, 916922.
  • [38]
    Grönlund, M.M, Lehtonen, O.P, Eerola, E, Kero, P (1999) Fecal microflora in healthy infants born by different methods of delivery: permanent changes in intestinal flora after cesarean delivery. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 28, 1925.
  • [39]
    Kuhn, I, Tullus, K, Mollby, R (1986) Colonisation and persistence of Escherichia coli phenotypes in the intestine of children aged 0 to 18 months. Infection 14, 712.
  • [40]
    Salminen, S, Bouley, C, Boutron-Ruault, M.-C, Cummings, J.H, Franck, A, Gibson, G.R, Isolauri, E, Moreau, M.-C, Roberfroid, M, Rowland, I (1998) Functional food science and gastrointestinal physiology and function. Br. J. Nutr. 80, S147S171.
  • [41]
    Gibson, G.R, Wang, X (1994) Regulatory effects of bifidobacteria on the growth of the other colonic bacteria. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 77, 412420.
  • [42]
    Isolauri, E, Arvola, T, Sütas, Y, Moilanen, E, Salminen, S (2000) Probiotics in the management of atopic eczema. Clin. Exp. Allergy 30, 16041610.
  • [43]
    Majamaa, H, Isolauri, E (1997) Probiotics: a novel approach in the management of food allergy. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 99, 179185.
  • [44]
    Bezirtzoglou, E (1997) The intestinal microflora during the first weeks of life. Anaerobe 3, 173177.