SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • [1]
    Ahmed, R., Soule, G., Demczuk, W.H., Clark, C., Khakhria, R., Ratnam, S., Marshall, S., Ng, L., Woodward, D.L., Johnson, W.M., Rodgers, F.G. (2000) Epidemiologic typing of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis in a Canada-wide outbreak of gastroenteritis due to contaminated cheese. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38, 24032406.
  • [2]
    Cody, S.H., Abbott, S.L., Marfin, A.A., Schulz, B., Wagner, P., Robbins, K., Mohle-Boetani, J.C., Vugia, D.J. (1999) Two outbreaks of multidrug-resistant Salmonella serotype typhimurium DT104 infections linked to raw-milk cheese in Northern California. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 281, 18051810.
  • [3]
    Threlfall, E.J. (2000) Epidemic Salmonella typhimurium DT 104 – a truly international multiresistant clone. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 46, 710.
  • [4]
    Graham, S.M., Molyneux, E.M., Walsh, A.L., Cheesbrough, J.S., Molyneux, M.E., Hart, C.A. (2000) Nontyphoidal Salmonella infections of children in tropical Africa. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 19, 11891196.
  • [5]
    Kariuki, S., Gilks, C., Corkill, J., Kimari, J., Benea, A., Waiyaki, P., Hart, C.A. (1996) Multi-drug resistant non-typhi Salmonella in Kenya. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 38, 425434.
  • [6]
    Kariuki, S., Oundo, J.O., Muyodi, J., Lowe, B., Threlfall, E.J., Hart, C.A. (2000) Genotypes of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium from two regions of Kenya. FEMS Immun. Med. Microbiol. 29, 913.
  • [7]
    Mead, P., Slutsker, S.L., Dietz, V., McCaig, L.F., Bresee, J.S., Shapiro, C., Griffin, P.M., Tauxe, R.V. (1999) Food-related illness and death in the United States. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 5, 607625.
  • [8]
    Indar-Harrinauth, L., Daniels, N., Prabhakar, P., Brown, C., Baccus-Taylor, G., Comissiong, E., Hospedales, J. (2001) Emergence of Salmonella enteritidis phage type 4 in the Caribbean: case-control study in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Clin. Infect. Dis. 32, 890896.
  • [9]
    Liebena, E., Garcia-Migura, L., Breslin, M.F., Davies, R.H., Woodward, M.J. (2001) Diversity of strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis from English poultry farms assessed by multiple genetic fingerprinting. J. Clin. Microbiol. 39, 154561.
  • [10]
    Palmer, S., Parry, S., Perry, D., Smith, R., Evans, M., Nehaul, L., Roberts, R., Walapu, M., Wright, D. (2000) The role of outbreaks in developing food safety policy: population based surveillance of salmonella outbreaks in Wales 1986–98. Epidemiol. Infect. 125, 467472.
  • [11]
    Murakami, K., Horikawa, K., Ito, T., Otsuki, K. (2001) Environmental survey of salmonella and comparison of genotypic character with human isolates in Western Japan. Epidemiol. Infect. 126, 159171.
  • [12]
    Fey, P.D., Safranek, T.J., Rupp, M.E., Dunne, E.F., Ribot, E., Iwen, P.C., Bradford, P.A., Angulo, F.J., Hinrichs, S.H. (2000) Ceftriaxone-resistant salmonella infection acquired by a child from cattle. New Engl. J. Med. 342, 1124211249.
  • [13]
    Glynn, M.K., Bopp, C., Dewitt, M.S.W., Dabney, P., Mokhtar, M., Angulo, F.J. (1998) Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium DT 104 infections in the United States. New Engl. J. Med. 338, 13331338.
  • [14]
    Murphy, T.M., McNamara, E., Hill, M., Roony, N., Barry, J., Egan, J., O'Connell, A.J., O'Loughlin, J., McFaddyen, S. (2001) Epidemiological studies of human and animal Salmonella typhimurium DT104 and DT104b isolates in Ireland. Epidemiol. Infect. 126, 39.
  • [15]
    National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (1997) Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria that Grow Aerobically: Approved Standard, 4th edn. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards document M7-A4, Wayne, PA.
  • [16]
    Tenover, F.C., Arbeit, R.D., Goering, R.V., Mickelsen, P.A., Murray, B.E., Persing, D.H., Swaminathan, B. (1995) Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J. Clin. Microbiol. 33, 22332239.
  • [17]
    Walia, S.K., Madhavan, T., Chagh, T.D., Sharma, K.B. (1987) Characterization of self-transmissible plasmids determining lactose fermentation and multiple antibiotic resistance in clinical strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 7, 279284.
  • [18]
    Shirota, K., Katoh, H., Murase, T., Ito, T., Otsuki, K. (2001) Monitoring of layer feed and eggs for Salmonella in eastern Japan between 1993 and 1998. J. Food Prot. 64, 734737.
  • [19]
    Cruchaga, S., Echeita, A., Aladuena, A., Garcia-Pena, J., Frias, N., Usera, M.A. (2001) Antimicrobial resistance in salmonellae from humans, food and animals in Spain in 1998. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 47, 315321.
  • [20]
    Winokur, P.L., Brueggemann, A., DeSalvo, D.L., Hoffmann, L., Apley, M.D., Uhlenhopp, E.K., Pfaller, M.A., Doern, G.V. (2000) Animal and human multidrug-resistant, cephalosporin-resistant Salmonella isolates expressing a plasmid-mediated CMY-2 AmpC beta-lactamase. Antmicrob. Agents Chemother. 44, 27772783.
  • [21]
    Wiuff, C., Madsen, M., Baggesen, D.L., Aaestrup, F.M. (2000) Quinolone resistance among Salmonella enterica from cattle, broilers, and swine in Denmark. Microb. Drug Resist. 6, 1117.
  • [22]
    Sarwari, A.R., Magder, L.S., Levine, P., McNamara, A.M., Knower, S., Armstrong, G.L., Etzel, R., Hollingsworth, J. J.G. Morris Jr. (2001) Serotype distribution of Salmonella isolates from food animals after slaughter differs from that of isolates found in humans. J. Infect. Dis. 183, 12951299.