Alloiococcus otitidis is a recently discovered bacterium frequently associated with otitis media. However, no study is available as to whether A. otitidis has a pathogenic role and induces local immune response in the middle ear as a true pathogen. Whole bacterial sonicate of A. otitidis was separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), and transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane. Then, Western blot analysis was performed with supernatant of the middle ear effusions from children with A. otitidis-positive otitis media. SDS-PAGE of the bacterial sonicate showed several protein bands, designated A1-A11. Western blot analysis revealed the presence of IgG, secretory IgA, IgG2, and IgM against A. otitidis in the middle ear effusions. Absorption of the specimens with sonicates of other major middle ear pathogens did not alter the reactivity of antibodies against the alloiococcal antigens. The results suggest that specific local immune response against A. otitidis is induced during middle ear infection of the organism as a true pathogen. A5, A6 or A11 is expected to be a main antigenic determinant. This is the first report to show evidence of local antibody response against A. otitidis and to disclose antigenic components of A. otitidis.