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Keywords:

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis;
  • bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG);
  • trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase

Abstract

Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase is an enzyme strictly essential for the growth of mycobacteria. Subcellular fractionation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) located the trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase in the cell wall and membrane fractions. Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase induced an increased Th1-type immune response in mice, characterized by an elevated level of interferon-γ in antigen-stimulated splenocyte culture and a strong IgG2a antibody response. The trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase was recognized by the sera of tuberculosis patients and BCG-vaccinated donors. The mycobacterial trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase is an immunodominant antigen, and it may be a candidate for vaccine development for the control of tuberculosis.