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Keywords:

  • Campylobacter jejuni;
  • polysaccharide;
  • capsule;
  • lipooligosaccharide;
  • biofilm;
  • lectin typing

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is the leading bacterial cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. The present study was undertaken to determine the forms of polysaccharide-related compounds (PRCs) produced by C. jejuni and the culture conditions influencing their production. Expression of polysaccharides by C. jejuni was influenced by culture medium composition and growth phase. In addition to the production of lipooligosaccharide and capsular polysaccharide, a previously undescribed polysaccharide, not related to capsular polysaccharide, was shown to occur in C. jejuni in batch liquid and chemostat cultures. Thus, a variety of PRCs are produced by C. jejuni, and this should be considered when growing the bacterium in vitro for pathogenesis studies.