Editor: Artur Ulmer
Telithromycin inhibits the production of proinflammatory mediators and the activation of NF-κB in in vitro-stimulated murine cells
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved
FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology
Volume 53, Issue 3, pages 343–350, August 2008
How to Cite
Leiva, M., Ruiz-Bravo, A., Moreno, E. and Jiménez-Valera, M. (2008), Telithromycin inhibits the production of proinflammatory mediators and the activation of NF-κB in in vitro-stimulated murine cells. FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology, 53: 343–350. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.2008.00424.x
- Issue published online: 29 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Received 21 January 2008; revised 28 March 2008; accepted 10 April 2008.First published online 16 June 2008.
- tumor necrosis factor-α;
- anti-inflammatory activity
Telithromycin is a ketolide antibiotic with anti-inflammatory properties. To investigate the mechanisms of these effects, we examined the in vitro immunomodulatory activity of telithromycin on murine splenocytes and the murine macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. Spleen cells from BALB/c-untreated mice and RAW 264.7 macrophages were cultured in the presence of telithromycin. Proliferation and apoptosis (colorimetric assay), and cytokine production (enzyme immunoassay) of spleen cells in response to lipopolysaccharide and concanavalin A (Con A), and nitric oxide (NO) (colorimetric assay) and cytokine production by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells were determined. Telithromycin moderately enhanced lymphocyte proliferation in response to lipopolysaccharide and Con A, and enhanced apoptosis induced by camptothecin in mitogen-stimulated splenocytes. Con A-induced IFN-γ production was suppressed and lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-10 production was increased in spleen cell cultures with telithromycin. Lipopolysaccharide-induced secretion of NO and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was suppressed by telithromycin in RAW 264.7 cultures. Lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of NF-κB transcription factor and TNF-α promoter in RAW 264.7 macrophages transitorily transfected with luciferase reporter constructs was also inhibited by the ketolide. The suppressive effect of telithromycin on NF-κB activation was confirmed by Western blot and enzyme immunoassay. These results suggest that telithromycin exerts anti-inflammatory activity mediated by the inhibition of activation of NF-κB.