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Keywords:

  • in vitro antibiofilm tests;
  • Staphylococcus aureus ;
  • tigecycline

Abstract

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the anti-staphylococcal biofilm activity of tigecycline, compared with a group of recently developed or commonly used antimicrobials such as linezolid, daptomycin, levofloxacin, tobramycin and rifampin, all possessing putative antibiofilm properties, on a sample of multi-drug-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus grown as a planktonic and mature biofilm. We determined conventional minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) for the planktonic forms, MICs of adherent cells and finally, minimum biofilm eradication concentrations (MBECs). No drug was able to inhibit adherent bacteria at the same concentration necessary for eradicating a mature biofilm; the latter concentrations varied from three to seven times higher than the ones inhibiting adhesion. The concentrations eradicating biofilm were reached by rifampin and daptomycin at lower concentrations with respect to the other antibiotics tested; tigecycline was able to inhibit mature biofilms at higher concentrations, while all the other antibiotics were only able to inhibit adhering cells.