SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Achermann Y, Vogt M, Leunig M, Wust J & Trampuz A (2010) Improved diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection by multiplex polymerase chain reaction in sonication fluid of removed implants. J Clin Microbiol 48: 12081214.
  • Al-Ahmad A, Wunder A, Auschill TM, Follo M, Braun G, Hellwig E & Arweiler NB (2007) The in vivo dynamics of Streptococcus spp., Actinomyces naeslundii, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Veillonella spp. in dental plaque biofilm as analysed by five-colour multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization. J Med Microbiol 56: 681687.
  • Alhede M, Bjarnsholt T & Jensen PO (2009) Pseudomonas aeruginosa recognizes and responds aggressively to the presence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Microbiology 155: 35003508.
  • Andersen A, Hill KE, Stephens P, Thomas DW, Jorgensen B & Krogfelt KA (2007) Bacterial profiling using skin grafting, standard culture and molecular bacteriological methods. J Wound Care 16: 171175.
  • Bakaletz LO (2007) Bacterial biofilms in otitis media: evidence and relevance. Pediatr Infect Dis J 26 (suppl): S17S19.
  • Bjarnsholt T, Jensen PO, Burmolle M et al. (2005) Pseudomonas aeruginosa tolerance to tobramycin, hydrogen peroxide and polymorphonuclear leukocytes is quorum-sensing dependent. Microbiology 151: 373383.
  • Bjarnsholt T, Kirketerp-Moller K, Kristiansen S, Phipps R, Nielsen AK, Jensen PO, Høiby N & Givskov M (2007) Silver against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. APMIS 115: 921928.
  • Bjarnsholt T, Kirketerp-Moller K, Jensen PO, Madsen KG, Phipps R, Krogfelt K, Høiby N & Givskov M (2008) Why chronic wounds will not heal: a novel hypothesis. Wound Repair Regen 16: 210.
  • Bjarnsholt T, Jensen PO, Fiandaca MJ, Pedersen J, Hansen CR, Andersen CB, Pressler T, Givskov M & Hoiby N (2009a) Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in the respiratory tract of cystic fibrosis patients. Pediatr Pulm 44: 547558.
  • Bjarnsholt T, Tolker-Nielsen T, Givskov M, Janssen M & Chrsitensen LH (2009b) Detection of bacteria by FISH in culture-negative soft tissue filler lesions. Dermatol Surg 35: 16201624.
  • Bjerkan G, Witso E & Bergh K (2009) Sonication is superior to scraping for retrieval of bacteria in biofilm on titanium and steel surfaces in vitro. Acta Orthop 80: 245250.
  • Bothwell MR, Smith AL & Phillips T (2003) Recalcitrant otorrhea due to Pseudomonas biofilm. Otolaryng Head Neck 129: 599601.
  • Brady RA, Leid JG, Calhoun JH, Costerton JW & Shirtliff ME (2008) Osteomyelitis and the role of biofilms in chronic infection. FEMS Immunol Med Mic 52: 1322.
  • Brown MR & Barker J (1999) Unexplored reservoirs of pathogenic bacteria: protozoa and biofilms. Trends Microbiol 7: 4650.
  • Burmolle M, Hansen LH & Sorensen SJ (2007) Establishment and early succession of a multispecies biofilm composed of soil bacteria. Microb Ecol 54: 352362.
  • Chalmers NI, Palmer RJ Jr, Cisar JO & Kolenbrander PE (2008) Characterization of a Streptococcus sp.–Veillonella sp. community micromanipulated from dental plaque. J Bacteriol 190: 81458154.
  • Chole RA & Faddis BT (2002) Evidence for microbial biofilms in cholesteatomas. Arch Otolaryngol 128: 11291133.
  • Christensen L, Breiting V, Janssen M, Vuust J & Hogdall E (2005) Adverse reactions to injectable soft tissue permanent fillers. Aesthetic Plast Surg 29: 3448.
  • Christensen L, Breiting V, Vuust J & Hogdall E (2006) Adverse reactions following injection with a permanent facial filler polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid): cause and treatment. Eur J Plast Surg 28: 464471.
  • Christensen LH (2009) Host tissue interaction, fate, and risks of degradable and nondegradable gel fillers. Dermatol Surg 35 (suppl 2): 16121619.
  • Connell H, Hedlund M, Agace W & Svanborg C (1997) Bacterial attachment to uro-epithelial cells: mechanisms and consequences. Adv Dent Res 11: 5058.
  • Davies CE, Hill KE, Wilson MJ, Stephens P, Hill CM, Harding KG & Thomas DW (2004) Use of 16S ribosomal DNA PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis for analysis of the microfloras of healing and nonhealing chronic venous leg ulcers. J Clin Microbiol 42: 35493557.
  • Diaz PI, Chalmers NI, Rickard AH, Kong C, Milburn CL, Palmer RJ Jr & Kolenbrander PE (2006) Molecular characterization of subject-specific oral microflora during initial colonization of enamel. Appl Environ Microb 72: 28372848.
  • Dige I (2008) Initial dental biofilm formation studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence in situ hybridization. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark.
  • Dige I, Nilsson H, Kilian M & Nyvad B (2007) In situ identification of streptococci and other bacteria in initial dental biofilm by confocal laser scanning microscopy and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Eur J Oral Sci 115: 459467.
  • Dige I, Raarup MK, Nyengaard JR, Kilian M & Nyvad B (2009a) Actinomyces naeslundii in initial dental biofilm formation. Microbiology 155: 21162126.
  • Dige I, Nyengaard JR, Kilian M & Nyvad B (2009b) Application of stereological principles for quantification of bacteria in intact dental biofilms. Oral Microbiol Immun 24: 6975.
  • Donlan RM & Costerton JW (2002) Biofilms: survival mechanisms of clinically relevant microorganisms. Clin Microbiol Rev 15: 167193.
  • Dowd SE, Sun Y, Secor PR, Rhoads DD, Wolcott BM, James GA & Wolcott RD (2008) Survey of bacterial diversity in chronic wounds using pyrosequencing, DGGE, and full ribosome shotgun sequencing. BMC Microbiol 8: 43.
  • Eckburg PB, Bik EM, Bernstein CN, Purdom E, Dethlefsen L, Sargent M, Gill SR, Nelson KE & Relman DA (2005) Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora. Science 308: 16351638.
  • Egholm M, Buchardt O, Christensen L, Behrens C, Freier SM, Driver DA, Berg RH, Kim SK, Norden B & Nielsen PE (1993) PNA hybridizes to complementary oligonucleotides obeying the Watson–Crick hydrogen-bonding rules. Nature 365: 566568.
  • Fazli M, Bjarnsholt T, Kirketerp-Moller K, Jorgensen B, Andersen AS, Krogfelt K, Givskov M & Tolker-Nielsen T (2009) Non-random distribution of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in chronic wounds. J Clin Microbiol 47: 40844089.
  • Foster RC (1988) Microenvironments of soil-microorganisms. Biol Fert Soils 6: 189203.
  • Frankel YM, Melendez JH, Wang NY, Price LB, Zenilman JM & Lazarus GS (2009) Defining wound microbial flora: molecular microbiology opening new horizons. Arch Dermatol 145: 11931195.
  • Fux CA, Stoodley P, Hall-Stoodley L & Costerton JW (2003) Bacterial biofilms: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 1: 667683.
  • Gans J, Wolinsky M & Dunbar J (2005) Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil. Science 309: 13871390.
  • Gjodsbol K, Christensen JJ, Karlsmark T, Jorgensen B, Klein BM & Krogfelt KA (2006) Multiple bacterial species reside in chronic wounds: a longitudinal study. Int Wound J 3: 225231.
  • Gottrup F (2004) A specialized wound-healing center concept: importance of a multidisciplinary department structure and surgical treatment facilities in the treatment of chronic wounds. Am J Surg 187: 38S43S.
  • Gottrup F, Jorgensen B & Karlsmark T (2009) News in wound healing and management. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 3: 300304.
  • Grundmann GL (2004) Spatial scales of soil bacterial diversity – the size of a clone. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 48: 119127.
  • Guarner F (2006) Enteric flora in health and disease. Digestion 73 (suppl 1): 512.
  • Halbert AR, Stacey MC, Rohr JB & Jopp-McKay A (1992) The effect of bacterial colonization on venous ulcer healing. Australas J Dermatol 33: 7580.
  • Hall-Stoodley L, Hu FZ, Gieseke A et al. (2006) Direct detection of bacterial biofilms on the middle-ear mucosa of children with chronic otitis media. JAMA-J Am Med Assoc 296: 202211.
  • Hannig C, Hannig M, Rehmer O, Braun G, Hellwig E & Al-Ahmad A (2007) Fluorescence microscopic visualization and quantification of initial bacterial colonization on enamel in situ. Arch Oral Biol 52: 10481056.
  • Hansen SK, Rainey PB, Haagensen JA & Molin S (2007) Evolution of species interactions in a biofilm community. Nature 445: 533536.
  • Hill KE, Davies CE, Wilson MJ, Stephens P, Harding KG & Thomas DW (2003) Molecular analysis of the microflora in chronic venous leg ulceration. J Med Microbiol 52: 365369.
  • Homoe P, Bjarnsholt T, Wessman M, Sorensen HC & Johansen HK (2009) Morphological evidence of biofilm formation in Greenlanders with chronic suppurative otitis media. Eur Arch Oto-rhino-l 266: 15331538.
  • Jackson CR (2003) Changes in community properties during microbial succession. Oikos 101: 444448.
  • James GA, Swogger E, Wolcott R, Pulcini ED, Secor P, Sestrich J, Costerton JW & Stewart PS (2008) Biofilms in chronic wounds. Wound Repair Regen 16: 3744.
  • Jefferson KK (2004) What drives bacteria to produce a biofilm? FEMS Microbiol Lett 236: 163173.
  • Jensen PO, Bjarnsholt T, Phipps R et al. (2007) Rapid necrotic killing of polymorphonuclear leukocytes is caused by quorum-sensing-controlled production of rhamnolipid by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Microbiology 153: 13291338.
  • Jurcisek J, Greiner L, Watanabe H, Zaleski A, Apicella MA & Bakaletz LO (2005) Role of sialic acid and complex carbohydrate biosynthesis in biofilm formation by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in the chinchilla middle ear. Infect Immun 73: 32103218.
  • Kirketerp-Moller K, Jensen PO, Fazli M, Madsen KG, Pedersen J, Moser C, Tolker-Nielsen T, Høiby N, Givskov M & Bjarnsholt T (2008) Distribution, organization, and ecology of bacteria in chronic wounds. J Clin Microbiol 46: 27172722.
  • Koch C & Høiby N (1993) Pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis. Lancet 341: 10651069.
  • Leake JL, Dowd SE, Wolcott RD & Zischkau AM (2009) Identification of yeast in chronic wounds using new pathogen-detection technologies. J Wound Care 18: 103104, 106, 108.
  • Lee MR, Pawlowski KS, Luong A, Furze AD & Roland PS (2009) Biofilm presence in humans with chronic suppurative otitis media. Otolaryng Head Neck 141: 567571.
  • Listgarten MA, Mayo HE & Tremblay R (1975) Development of dental plaque on epoxy resin crowns in man. A light and electron microscopic study. J Periodontol 46: 1026.
  • Madsen SM, Westh H, Danielsen L & Rosdahl VT (1996) Bacterial colonization and healing of venous leg ulcers. APMIS 104: 895899.
  • Marsh PD (1994) Microbial ecology of dental plaque and its significance in health and disease. Adv Dent Res 8: 263271.
  • Nannipieri P, Kandeler E & Ruggiero P (2002) Enzyme activities and microbiological and biochemical processes in soil. Enzymes in the Environment: Activity, Ecology, and Applications (BurnsRG & DickRP, eds), pp. 133. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
  • Nunan N, Wu KJ, Young IM, Crawford JW & Ritz K (2003) Spatial distribution of bacterial communities and their relationships with the micro-architecture of soil. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 44: 203215.
  • Nyvad B (1993) Microbial colonization of human tooth surfaces. APMIS Suppl 32: 145.
  • Palmer RJ Jr, Gordon SM, Cisar JO & Kolenbrander PE (2003) Coaggregation-mediated interactions of streptococci and actinomyces detected in initial human dental plaque. J Bacteriol 185: 34003409.
  • Pawlowski KS, Wawro D & Roland PS (2005) Bacterial biofilm formation on a human cochlear implant. Otol Neurotol 26: 972975.
  • Pearce D, Bazin MJ & Lynch JM (1995) The rhizosphere as a biofilm. Microbial Biofilms (Lappin-ScottHM & CostertonJW, eds), pp. 207220. Cambridge University Press, New York.
  • Perloff JR & Palmer JN (2004) Evidence of bacterial biofilms on frontal recess stents in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Rhinol 18: 377380.
  • Pernthaler A & Pernthaler J (2007) Fluorescence in situ hybridization of the identification of environmental microbes. Methods Mol Biol 353: 153164.
  • Post JC (2001) Direct evidence of bacterial biofilms in otitis media. Laryngoscope 111: 20832094.
  • Price LB, Liu CM, Melendez JH et al. (2009) Community analysis of chronic wound bacteria using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing: impact of diabetes and antibiotics on chronic wound microbiota. PLoS One 4: e6462.
  • Rayner MG, Zhang Y, Gorry MC, Chen Y, Post JC & Ehrlich GD (1998) Evidence of bacterial metabolic activity in culture-negative otitis media with effusion. JAMA-J Am Med Assoc 279: 296299.
  • Reid SD, Hong W, Dew KE, Winn DR, Pang B, Watt J, Glover DT, Hollingshead SK & Swords WE (2009) Streptococcus pneumoniae forms surface-attached communities in the middle ear of experimentally infected chinchillas. J Infect Dis 199: 786794.
  • Rieger UM, Pierer G, Luscher NJ & Trampuz A (2009) Sonication of removed breast implants for improved detection of subclinical infection. Aesthetic Plast Surg 33: 404408.
  • Roberson EB & Firestone MK (1992) Relationship between desiccation and exopolysaccharide production in a soil Pseudomonas sp. Appl Environ Microb 58: 12841291.
  • Rolhion N & Darfeuille-Michaud A (2007) Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli in inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 13: 12771283.
  • Saidi IS, Biedlingmaier JF & Whelan P (1999) In vivo resistance to bacterial biofilm formation on tympanostomy tubes as a function of tube material. Otolaryng Head Neck 120: 621627.
  • Socransky SS & Haffajee AD (2005) Periodontal microbial ecology. Periodontol 2000 38: 135187.
  • Stach JEM & Burns RG (2002) Enrichment versus biofilm culture: a functional and phylogenetic comparison of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading microbial communities. Environ Microbiol 4: 169182.
  • Swords WE, Moore ML, Godzicki L, Bukofzer G, Mitten MJ & VonCannon J (2004) Sialylation of lipooligosaccharides promotes biofilm formation by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae. Infect Immun 72: 106113.
  • Takahashi N & Nyvad B (2008) Caries ecology revisited: microbial dynamics and the caries process. Caries Res 42: 409418.
  • Theilade E & Theilade J (1970) Bacteriology and ultrastructural studies of developing dental plaque. Dental Plaque (McHughW, ed), pp. 2740. Thomson & Co., Dundee.
  • Thomsen TR, Aasholm MS, Rudkjobing VB, Saunders AM, Bjarnsholt T, Givskov M, Kirketerp-Moller K & Nielsen PH (2010) The bacteriology of chronic venous leg ulcer examined by culture-independent molecular methods. Wound Repair Regen 18: 3849.
  • Thurnheer T, Gmur R & Guggenheim B (2004) Multiplex FISH analysis of a six-species bacterial biofilm. J Microbiol Meth 56: 3747.
  • Torsvik V, Goksoyr J & Daae FL (1990) High diversity in DNA of soil bacteria. Appl Environ Microb 56: 782787.
  • Torsvik V, Sørheim R & Goksoyr J (1996) Total bacterial diversity in soil and sediment communities. J Ind Microbiol Biot 17: 170178.
  • Trampuz A & Zimmerli W (2008) Diagnosis and treatment of implant-associated septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. Curr Infect Dis Rep 10: 394403.
  • Van Gennip M, Christensen LD, Alhede M et al. (2009) Inactivation of the rhlA gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa prevents rhamnolipid production, disabling the protection against polymorphonuclear leukocytes. APMIS 117: 537546.
  • Von Canstein H, Kelly S, Li Y & Wagner-Dobler I (2002) Species diversity improves the efficiency of mercury-reducing biofilms under changing environmental conditions. Appl Environ Microb 68: 28292837.
  • Wolcott RD & Dowd SE (2008) A rapid molecular method for characterising bacterial bioburden in chronic wounds. J Wound Care 17: 513516.
  • Wolcott RD, Gontcharova V, Sun Y & Dowd SE (2009) Evaluation of the bacterial diversity among and within individual venous leg ulcers using bacterial tag-encoded FLX and titanium amplicon pyrosequencing and metagenomic approaches. BMC Microbiol 9: 226.