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Keywords:

  • Staphylococcus hyicus DSM 20459;
  • Siderophore;
  • Staphyloferrin

Abstract

A highly hydrophilic compound was isolated from low iron culture broth of Staphylococcus hyicus DSM 20459 which exhibits siderophore activity to the producer and 37 other staphylococci. The previously unknown metabolite was designated staphyloferrin A and constists of two molecules of citric acid, each linked to d-ornitine by an amide bond. Using an iron-pair HPLC-system we detected staphyloferrin A and a second iron regulated compound (staphyloferrin B) in the culture fluid of several Staphylococcus strains. We found no evidence that staphylococci synthesize catecholor hydroxamate-type siderophores.