Abstract: This work represents the first evidence of the presence of an iron uptake system siderophore mediated in the bacterial fish pathogen Yersinia ruckeri. A group of 20 strains representative of this species, with different serotype and origin were examined. All of them were able to grow at high concentrations (from 0.7 to 1.1 mM) of the iron chelator EDDA. Although the Y. ruckeri isolates failed to cross-feed the indicator strains for enterobactin and aerobactin production, the chemical tests revealed the presence in the culture supernatants of phenolate siderophores. At least three outer membrane proteins were induced in iron limiting conditions. All the strains showed a similar pattern of induced membrane proteins regardless their serotype or origin, which suggests a similarity in the iron uptake system. This system could have an important role in the pathogenicity of Y. ruckeri for fish.