Abstract A complete genomic library of Chainia was constructed in coliphage λ vector gt10 and was screened for the xylanase gene using an 18-mer mixed oligonucleotide probe corresponding to a six-amino acid sequence of low molecular mass Chainia xylanase. Inserts from 11 putative clones, showing hybridization with the oligonucleotide probe at medium stringency, were subcloned in pUC8 and screened for xylanase gene expression using anti-xylanase antibodies. The restriction map of the insert (1.4 kb) from one of the four immunopositive clones (PVX8) showing detectable xyalanase activity was constructed. The xylanase activity of PVX8 was not induced by IPTG or xylan. Reorientation of the insert by directional cloning into pUC9 had no effect on the xylanase activity suggesting that an indigenous promoter from Chainia is responsible for the xylanase activity.