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Keywords:

  • Hyperthermophile;
  • Archaea;
  • Ribosomal RNA;
  • Transcription;
  • Pyrococcus furiosus

Abstract We have studied the single rRNA gene cluster from the Archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus. This isolate grows optimally at 100°C and is thus a hyperthermophile. In P. furiosus, transcription of 16S rRNA is subject to regulation over a 7.5-fold range in response to a 20-fold increase in growth rate. The single cluster encoding the 16S and 23S rRNA genes of P. furiosus was cloned and the 1.9 kb region upstream of the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced.