Abstract HPr is a protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). Streptococci possess two forms of HPr which differ by the presence or the absence of the N-terminal methionine (Met). These forms are called HPr-1 (without Met) and HPr-2 (with Met). In order to determine whether the ratio of these two forms varies with growth conditions, we measured the amount of HPr-1 and HPr-2 present in Streptococcus salivarius grown in continuous culture at pH 7.5. The results indicated that the HPr-1/HPr-2 ratio: 1) was not related to the cellular amount of total HPr; 2) was highest (10.2±3.5) under glucose (a PTS sugar) limitation (10 mM) and low dilution rate (D = 0.1 h−1; g = 6.9 h); 3) was decreased 2.4- to 5.7-fold when the amount of glucose and/or D was increased; 4) was not influenced by D when cells were cultured on galactose (a non-PTS sugar) but was two-fold higher under conditions of galactose excess (200 mM). We suggest that the cleavage of the N-terminal HPr Met is not a stochastic phenomenon but is dictated by growth conditions.