• 1
    Grimont, P.A.D. and Grimont. F. (1978) The genus Serratia. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 32, 221248.
  • 2
    Hines, D.A., Saurugger, P.N., Ihler, G.M. and Benedik, M.J. (1988) Genetic analysis of extracellular proteins of Serratia marcescens. J. Bacteriol. 170, 41414146.
  • 3
    Eberl, L., Christiansen, G., Molin, S. and Givskov, M. (1996) Differentiation of Serratia liquefaciens into swarm cells is controlled by the expression of the flhD master operon. J. Bacteriol. 178, 554559.
  • 4
    Givskov, M., Eberl, L., Christiansen, G., Benedik, M.J. and Molin, S. (1995) Induction of phospholipase- and flagellar synthesis in Serratia liquefaciens is controlled by expression of the flagellar master operon flhD. Mol. Microbiol. 15, 445454.
  • 5
    Eberl, L., Winson, M.K., Sternberg, C., Stewart, G.S.A.B., Christiansen, G., Chhabra, S.R., Bycroft, B., Williams, P., Molin, S. and Givskov, M. (1996) Involvement of N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone autoinducers in controlling the multicellular behaviour of Serratia liquefaciens. Mol. Microbiol. 20, 127136.
  • 6
    Givskov, M., Olsen, L. and Molin, S. (1988) Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene for an extracellular phospholipase from Serratia liquefaciens. J. Bacteriol. 170, 58555862.
  • 7
    Gram, L., de Nys, R., Maximilien, R., Givskov, M., Steinberg, P.D., and Kjelleberg, S. (1996) Inhibitory effects of furanones from the red alga Delisea pulchra on swarming motility of Proteus mirabilis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62, 42844287.
  • 8
    Givskov, M. and Molin, S. (1992) Expression of extracellular phospholipase from Serratia liquefaciens is growth-phase dependent, catabolite repressed and regulated by anaerobiosis. Mol. Microbiol. 6, 13631374.
  • 9
    Nyström, T., Albertson, N.H., Flärdh, K. and Kjelleberg, S. (1991). Physiological and molecular adaptation to starvation and recovery from starvation by the marine Vibrio Sp.S14. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 74, 129–140.
  • 10
    Siegele, D.A. and Kolter, R. (1992) Life after log. J. Bacteriol. 174, 345348.
  • 11
    Kolter, R., Siegele, D.A. and Tormo, A. (1993) The stationary phase of the bacterial life cycle. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 47, 855874.
  • 12
    Givskov, M., Eberl, L., Møller, S., Poulsen, L. K. and Molin. S (1994) Responses to nutrient starvation in Pseudomonas putida KT2442: Analysis of general cross-protection, cell shape, and macromolecular content. J. Bacteriol. 176, 7–14.
  • 13
    Joshi, S., Kozlowski, M., Richens, S. and Comberbach, D.M. (1989) Chitinase and chitobiase production during fermentation of genetically improved Serratia liquefaciens. Enzyme Microbiol. Technol. 11, 289296.
  • 14
    Joshi, S., Kozlowski, M., Selvaraj, G., Iyer, V.N. and Davies, R.W. (1988) Cloning of the genes of the chitin utilization regulon of Serratia liquefaciens. J. Bacteriol. 170, 29842988.
  • 15
    Grimont, P.A.D., Grimont, F. and Dulong de Rosnay, H.L.C. (1977) Characterization of Serratia marcescens, S. liquefaciens, S. plymuthica, and S. marinorubra by electrophoresis of their proteinases. J. Gen. Microbiol. 99, 301310.
  • 16
    Farmer J.J., III., Silva, F. and Williams, D.R. (1973) Isolation of Serratia marcescens on deoxyribonuclease-toluidine blue-cephalothin agar. Appl. Microbiol. 25, 151152.
  • 17
    Ball, T.K., Wasmuth, C.R., Braunagel, S.C. and Benedik, M.J. (1990) Expression of Serratia marcescens extracellular proteins requires recA. J. Bacteriol. 172, 342349.
  • 18
    Knappe, J. and Sawers, G. (1990) A radical chemical route to acetyl-coA: the anaerobically induced pyruvate formate-lyase system of Escherichia coli. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 75, 383398.
  • 19
    Komeda, Y. (1982) Fusion of flagellar operons to lactose genes on a Mu lac bacteriophage. J. Bacteriol. 150, 1626.
  • 20
    Helmann, J.D. (1991) Alternative sigma factors and the regulation of flagellar gene expression. Mol. Microbiol. 5, 28752882.
  • 21
    Lètoffè, S., Delepelaire, P. and Wandersman, S. (1990) Protease secretion by Erwinia chrysanthemi: the specific secretion functions are analogus to those of Escherichia coliα-haemolysin. EMBO J. 9, 13751382.
  • 22
    Lètoffè, S., Delepelaire, P. and Wandersman, S. (1991) Cloning and expression in Eschericia coli of the Serratia marcescens metalloprotease gene: secretion of the protease from Eschericia coli in the presence of the Erwinia chrysanthemi protease secretion functions. J. Bacteriol. 173, 21602166.
  • 23
    Givskov, M. and Molin, S. (1993) Secretion of Serratia liquefaciens phospholipase from Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 8, 229242.
  • 24
    Wandersman, C., Delepelaire, P., Letoffe, S. and Schwartz, M. (1987) Characterization of Erwinia chrysanthemi extracellular proteases: cloning and expression of the protease genes in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 169, 50465053.
  • 25
    Ölschläger, T., Turba, A. and Braun, V. (1991) Binding of the immunity protein inactivates colicin M. Mol. Microbiol. 5, 11051111.
  • 26
    Bucher, G.E. (1960) Potential bacterial pathogens of insects and their characteristics. J. Insect Pathol. 2, 172195.
  • 27
    Kaska, M. (1976) The toxicity of extracellular proteases of the bacterium Serratia marcescens for larvae of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 216 7, 271.
  • 28
    Lysenko, O. (1976) Chitinase of Serratia marcescens and its toxicity to insects. J. Invertebr. Pathol. 27, 385386.
  • 29
    Lyerly, D. and Kreger, A. (1983) Importance of Serratia protease in the pathogenesis of experimental Serratia marcescens pneumonia. Infect. Immun. 40, 113119.
  • 30
    Lyerly, D., Gray, L. and Kreger, A. (1981) Characterization of rabbit corneal damage produced by Serratia keratitis and by a Serratia protease. Infect. Immun. 33, 927932.
  • 31
    Macnab, R.M. (1992) Genetics and biogenesis of bacterial flagella. Annu. Rev. Genet. 26, 131158.
  • 32
    Silverman, M. and Simon, M. (1974) Characterization of Escherichia coli flagellar mutants that are insensitive to catabolite repression. J. Bacteriol. 120, 11961203.
  • 33
    Shi, W., Zhou, Y., Wild, J., Adler, J. and Gross, C.A. (1992) DnaK, DnaJ, and GrpE are required for flagellum synthesis in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 174, 62566263.
  • 34
    Prüß, B.M. and Wolfe, A.J. (1994) Regulation of acetyl phosphate synthesis and degradation, and the control of flagellar expression in Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 12, 973984.
  • 35
    Stock, J.B., Ninfa, A.J. and Stock, M. (1989) Protein phosphorylation and regulation of adaptive responses in bacteria. Microbiol. Rev. 53, 450490.
  • 36
    Shin, S. and Park, C. (1995) Modulation of flagellar expression in Escherichia coli by acetyl phosphate and the osmoregulator OmpR. J. Bacteriol. 177, 46964702.
  • 37
    Prüß, B.M. and Matsumara P. (1996) A regulator of the flagellar regulon of Escherichia coli, flhD, also affects cell division. J. Bacteriol. 178, 668674.
  • 38
    Fuqua, W.C., Winans, S.C. and Greenberg, E.P. (1994) Quorum sensing in bacteria: the LuxR–LuxI family of cell density-responsive transcriptional regulators. J. Bacteriol. 176, 269275.
  • 39
    Salmond, G.P.C., Bycroft, B.W., Stewart, G.S.A.B. and Williams, P. (1995) The bacterial enigma: cracking the code of cell–cell communication. Mol. Microbiol. 16, 615624.
  • 40
    Jones, H.E. and Park, R.W.A. (1967) The influence of medium composition on the growth and swarming of Proteus. J. Gen. Microbiol. 47, 369378.
  • 41
    Allison, C., Hsin-Chih, L. and Hughes, C. (1992) Co-ordinate expression of virulence genes during swarm-cell differentiation and population migration of Proteus mirabilis. Mol. Microbiol. 6, 15831591.
  • 42
    Givskov, M., de Nys, R., Manefield, M., Gram, L., Maximilien, R., Eberl, L., Molin, S., Steinberg, P.D. and Kjelleberg, S. (1996) Eukaryotic interference with homoserine lactone mediated procaryotic signalling. J. Bacteriol. 178, 66186622.
  • 43
    Matsuyama, T., Murakami, T., Fujita, M., Fujita, S. and Yano, I. (1986) Extracellular vesicle formation and biosurfactant production by Serratia marcescens. J. Gen. Microbiol. 132, 865875.
  • 44
    Matsuyama, T., Kaneda, K., Ishizuka, I., Toida, T. and Yano, I. (1990) Surface-active novel glycolipid and linked 3-hydroxy fatty acids produced by Serratia rubidaea. J. Bacteriol. 172, 30153022.
  • 45
    Ochsner, U.A., Koch, A.K., Fiechter, A. and Reiser, J. (1994) Isolation and characterization of a regulatory gene affecting rhamnolipid biosurfactant synthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J. Bacteriol. 176, 20442054.
  • 46
    Matsuyama, T., Bhasin, A. and Harshey, R.M. (1995) Mutational analysis of flagellum-independent surface spreading of Serratia marcescens 274 on low-agar medium. J. Bacteriol. 177, 987991.
  • 47
    De Nys, R., Steinberg, P.D., Willemsen, P., Dworjanyn, S.A., Gabelish, C.L. and King, R.J. (1995) Broad spectrum effects of secondary metabolites from the red alga Delisea pulchra in antifouling assays. Biofoul. 8, 259271.
  • 48
    Lawrence, J.R., Korber, D.R., Hoyle, B.D., Costerton, J.W. and Caldwell, D.E. (1991) Optical sectioning of microbial biofilms. J. Bacteriol. 173, 65586567.