• [1]
    Andersson, J.O., Andersson, S.G. (1999) Genome degradation is an ongoing process in Rickettsia. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16, 11781191.
  • [2]
    Bolotin, A., Wincker, P., Mauger, S., Jaillon, O., Malarme, K., Weissenbach, J., Ehrlich, S.D., Sorokin, A. (2001) The Complete genome sequence of the Lactic acid bacterium Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis IL1403. Genome Res. 11, 731753.
  • [3]
    Corroler, D., Mangin, I., Desmasures, N., Gueguen, M. (1998) An ecological study of lactococci isolated from raw milk in the camembert cheese registered designation of origin area. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64, 47294735.
  • [4]
    Gasson, M.J. (1983) Plasmid complements of Streptococcus lactis NCDO 712 and other lactic streptococci after protoplast-induced curing. J. Bacteriol. 154, 19.
  • [5]
    Godon, J.J., Delorme, C., Ehrlich, S.D., Renault, P. (1992) Divergence of genomic sequences between Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58, 40454047.
  • [6]
    Kets, E.P.W., de Bont, J.A.M. (1994) Protective effect of betaine on the survival of Lactobacillus plantarum subjected to drying. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 116, 251256.
  • [7]
    Kim, W.S., Ren, J., Dunn, N.W. (1999) Differentiation of Lactococcus lactis subspecies lactis and subspecies cremoris strains by their adaptive response to stresses. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 171, 5765.
  • [8]
    Le Bourgeois, P., Daveran-Mingot, M.L., Ritzenthaler, P. (2000) Genome plasticity among related Lactococcus strains: identification of genetic events associated with macrorestriction polymorphisms. J. Bacteriol. 182, 24812491.
  • [9]
    Obis, D., Guillot, A., Gripon, J.C., Renault, P., Bolotin, A., Mistou, M.Y. (1999) Genetic and biochemical characterization of a high-affinity betaine uptake system (BusA) in Lactococcus lactis reveals a new functional organization within bacterial ABC transporters. J. Bacteriol. 181, 62386246.
  • [10]
    Poolman, B., Glaasker, E. (1998) Regulation of compatible solute accumulation in bacteria. Mol. Microbiol. 29, 397407.
  • [11]
    Pospiech, A., Neumann, B. (1995) A versatile quick-prep of genomic DNA from Gram-positive bacteria. Trends Genet. 11, 217218.
  • [12]
    Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.
  • [13]
    Sandine, W.E., Radich, P.C., Elliker, P.R. (1972) Ecology of the lactic streptococci. A review. J. Milk Food Technol. 35, 176185.
  • [14]
    Tailliez, P., Tremblay, J., Ehrlich, S.D., Chopin, A. (1998) Molecular diversity and relationship within Lactococcus lactis, as revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 21, 530538.
  • [15]
    Terzaghi, B.E., Sandine, W.E. (1975) Improved medium for lactic streptococci and their bacteriophages. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 29, 807813.
  • [16]
    van der Heide, T., Poolman, B. (2000) Osmoregulated ABC-transport system of Lactococcus lactis senses water stress via changes in the physical state of the membrane. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 71027106.
  • [17]
    Yancey, P.H., Clark, M.E., Hand, S.C., Bowlus, R.D., Somero, G.N. (1982) Living with water stress: evolution of osmolyte systems. Science 217, 12141222.