Synthesis of six novel N,N-dialkyl derivatives of spermidine and effects on growth of the fungal plant pathogen Pyrenophora avenae


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Six novel N,N-dialkyl derivatives of spermidine were synthesised and examined for activity against the oat stripe pathogen Pyrenophora avenae. Two of these spermidine analogues, N,N-dimethyl-N1-(3-aminopropyl)-1,3-diaminopropane trihydrochloride (27) and N,N-dimethyl-N1-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane trihydrochloride (28), reduced radial extension of P. avenae on plates when used at 2 mM, and caused more substantial reductions in fungal growth in liquid culture when used at 1 mM. Preliminary data suggest that neither compound affected polyamine biosynthesis, determined by following the incorporation of label from ornithine into polyamines and examining intracellular polyamine concentrations in fungal tissue.