• [1]
    Macfarlane, G.T. and Cummings, J.H. (1991) The colonic flora fermentation and large bowel digestive function. In: The Large Intestine: Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Disease (Phillips, S.F., Penberton, J.H. and Shorter, R.G., Eds.), pp. 51–92. Raven Press, New York.
  • [2]
    Wolin, M.J., Miller, T.L. (1983) Interactions of microbial populations in cellulose fermentation. Fed. Proc. 42, 109113.
  • [3]
    Christl, S.U., Murgatroyd, P.R., Gibson, G.R., Cummings, J.H. (1992) Production, metabolism and excretion of H2 in the large intestine. Gastroenterology 102, 12691277.
  • [4]
    Latham, M.J., Wolin, M.J. (1977) Fermentation of cellulose by Ruminococcus flavefaciens in the presence and absence of Methanobacterium ruminantium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 34, 297301.
  • [5]
    Stewart, C.S., Richardson, A.J., Douglas, R.M. and Rumney, C.J. (1990) Hydrogen transfer in mixed cultures of anaerobic bacteria and fungi with Methanobrevibacter smithii. In: Microbiology and Biochemistry of Strict Anaerobes Involved in Interspecies Hydrogen Transfer (Belaich, J.P., Bruschi, M. and Garcia, J.L., Eds.), pp. 121–132. Plenum Press, New York.
  • [6]
    Morvan, B, Rieu-Lesme, F, Fonty, G, Gouet, P (1996) In vitro interactions between rumen H2-producing cellulolytic microorganisms and H2-utilizing acetogenic and sulfate-reducing bacteria. Anaerobe 2, 175180.
  • [7]
    Bernalier, A, Willems, A, Leclerc, M, Rochet, V, Collins, M.D. (1996) Ruminococcus hydrogenotrophicus sp. nov., a new H2/CO2-utilizing acetogenic bacterium isolated from the human feces. Arch. Microbiol. 166, 176183.
  • [8]
    Hungate, R.E. (1969) A roll-tube method for the cultivation of strict anaerobes. In: Methods in Microbiology (Norris, J.R. and Gibbons, D.W., Eds.), pp. 117–132. Academic Press, New York.
  • [9]
    Lowe, S.E., Theodorou, M.K., Trinci, A.P.J., Hespell, R.B. (1985) Growth of anaerobic fungi on defined and semi-defined media lacking rumen fluid. J. Gen. Microbiol. 53, 22252229.
  • [10]
    Balch, W.E., Fox, G.E., Magrum, L.J., Woese, C.R., Wolfe, R.S. (1979) Methanogens: reevaluation of a unique biological group. Microbiol. Rev. 43, 260296.
  • [11]
    Scott, H.W., Dehority, B.A. (1965) Vitamin requirements of several cellulolytic bacteria. J. Bacteriol. 89, 11691175.
  • [12]
    Leclerc, M, Bernalier, A, Donadille, G, Lelait, M (1997) H2/CO2 metabolism in acetogenic bacteria isolated from the human colon. Anaerobe 3, 307315.
  • [13]
    Miller, G.L. (1959) Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugars. Anal. Chem. 31, 426428.
  • [14]
    Jouany, J.P. (1982) Volatile fatty acids and alcohols determination in digestive contents, silage juice, bacterial cultures and anaerobic fermentor contents. Sci. Aliments 2, 131144.
  • [15]
    Salyers, A.A. (1995) Fermentation of polysaccharides by human colonic anaerobes. In: Dietary Fibre: Mechanism of Action in Human Physiology and Metabolism (Cherbut, C., Barry, J.L., Lairon, D. and Durand, M., Eds.), pp. 29–36. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris.
  • [16]
    Leclerc, M, Bernalier, A, Lelait, M, Grivet, J.P. (1997) 13C-NMR study of glucose and pyruvate catabolism in four acetogenic species isolated from the human colon. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 146, 199204.