Editor: Hans-Peter Kohler
Genetic diversity of dioxygenase genes in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria isolated from mangrove sediments
Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2006
FEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume 262, Issue 2, pages 148–157, September 2006
How to Cite
Zhou, H. W., Guo, C. L., Wong, Y. S. and Tam, N. F. Y. (2006), Genetic diversity of dioxygenase genes in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria isolated from mangrove sediments. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 262: 148–157. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2006.00379.x
- Issue online: 27 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2006
- Received 1 May 2006; revised 13 June 2006; accepted 22 June 2006.First published online 27 July 2006.
- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
To investigate the diversity of dioxygenase genes involved in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degradation, a total of 32 bacterial strains were isolated from surface mangrove sediments, from the genera Mycobacterium, Sphingomonas, Terrabacter, Sphingopyxis, Sphingobium and Rhodococcus. Two sets of PCR primers were constructed to detect the nidA-like and nahAc-like sequences of the α subunit of the PAH ring-hydroxylating dioxygenase. PCR amplified the DNA fragments from all Gram-positive bacteria by using nidA-like primers and from all Gram-negative bacteria, except two, by using nahAc-like primers. The nidA-like primers showed three subtypes of nidA-like gene: (i) fadA1, clustering with nidA3 from M. vanbaalenii PYR-1, (ii) nidA, clustering with nidA from PYR-1, and (iii) fadA2 clustering with dioxygenase from Arthrobacter sp. FB24. The amplicons detected by nahAc-like primers had high sequence homologies to phnA1a from Sphingomonas sp. CHY-1 and were amplifiable from 8 of the 16 Gram-negative isolates. The primer also generated amplicons that had a 32–36% similarity to phnA1a and 53–93% identity to p-cumate dioxygenase. These results suggest that the nidA-like and nahAc-like genes are prevalent in the PAH-degrading bacteria and that they are useful for determining the presence of PAH-dioxygenase genes in environmental samples.