Editor: Aharon Oren
Correlation between bacterial indicators and bacteriophages in sewage and sludge
Article first published online: 15 AUG 2006
FEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume 263, Issue 1, pages 119–126, October 2006
How to Cite
Mandilara, G. D., Smeti, E. M., Mavridou, A. Th., Lambiri, M. P., Vatopoulos, A. C. and Rigas, F. P. (2006), Correlation between bacterial indicators and bacteriophages in sewage and sludge. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 263: 119–126. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2006.00414.x
- Issue published online: 21 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 15 AUG 2006
- Received 18 May 2006; revised 12 July 2006; accepted 19 July 2006.First published online 15 August 2006.
- bacterial indicators;
The use of bacteriophages as potential indicators of faecal pollution has recently been studied. The correlation of the number of bacterial indicators and the presence of three groups of bacteriophages, namely somatic coliphages (SOMCPH), F-RNA-specific phages (FRNAPH) and phages of Bacteroides fragilis (BFRPH), in raw and treated wastewater and sludge is presented in this study. Raw and treated wastewater and sewage sludge samples from two wastewater treatment plants in Athens were collected on a monthly basis, over a 2-year period, and analysed for total coliforms, Escherichia coli, intestinal enterococci and the three groups of bacteriophages. A clear correlation between the number of bacterial indicators and the presence of bacteriophages was observed. SOMCPH may be used as additional indicators, because of their high densities and resistance to various treatment steps.