• Salmonella;
  • serotype;
  • microbiology;
  • phylogenetics;
  • comparative genomics;
  • food safety


The 183 bp between the end of the 23S rrlH rRNA gene and the start of the 5S rrfH rRNA gene (ISR-1) and the 197 bp between the end of the rrfH rRNA gene and the start of the transfer RNA aspU (ISR-2) of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serotypes Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Pullorum, Heidelberg, Gallinarum, Typhi and Choleraesuis were compared. ISR-1s of D1 serotypes (Pullorum, Gallinarum and Enteritidis), B serotypes (Typhimurium and Heidelberg) and the C2 serotype Newport and the enteric fever pathogens serotype A Paratyphi and serotype D1 Typhi formed three clades, respectively. ISR-2 further differentiated the avian-adapted serotype Gallinarum from avian-adapted Pullorum and Salmonella bongori from S. enterica. The results suggest that serotypes Heidelberg and Choleraesuis share some evolutionary trends with egg-contaminating serotypes. In addition, ISR-1 and ISR-2 sequences that confirm serotype appear to be linked to clinically relevant host associations of the Salmonellae.