• Carels M & Shepherd D (1977) The effect of different nitrogen sources on pigment production and sporulation of Monascus species in submerged, shaken culture. Can J Microbiol 23: 13601372.
  • Chen MH & Johns MR (1993) Effect of pH and nitrogen sources on pigment production by Monascus purpureus. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 40: 132138.
  • Chen FC, Manchand PS & Whalley WB (1971) The chemistry of fungi. LXIV. The structure of monascin: the relative stereochemistry of the azaphilones. J Chem Soc 21: 35773579.
  • Chen CS, Liau WY & Tsai GJ (1998) Antibacterial effects of N-sulfonated and N-sulfobenzoyl chitosan and applications to oyster preservation. J Food Prot 61: 11241128.
  • Fowell ADG, Robertson A & Whalley WB (1956) Monascorubramin. J Chem Soc (Special Publ) 5: 2735.
  • Hadfield JR, Holker JSE & Stanway DN (1967) The biosynthesis of fungal metabolites. Part II. The β-oxo-lactone equivalences in rubropunctatin and monascorubrin. J Chem Soc 19: 751755.
  • Hajjaj H, Klaébé A, Loret MO, Tzédakis T, Goma G & Blanc PJ (1997) Production and identification of N-glucosylrubropunctamine and N-glucosylmonascorubramine from Monascus ruber and occurrence of electron donor-acceptor complexes in these red pigments. Appl Environ Microbiol 63: 26712678.
  • Ju JY, Nam HW, Yoon JC & Shin CS (1994) Extractive fermentation of red pigment using Monascus sp. J101. Kor. J Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 22: 8591.
  • Jung H, Kim C, Kim K & Shin CS (2003) Color characteristics of monascus pigments derived by fermentation with various amino acids. J Agric Food Chem 51: 13021306.
  • Juzlova P, Martinkova L & Kren V (1996) Secondary metabolite of the fungus Monascus. J Ind Microbiol 16: 163170.
  • Kim C, Jung H, Kim JH & Shin CS (2006) Effect of monascus pigment derivatives on the electrophoretic mobility of bacteria, and the cell adsorption and antibacterial activities of pigments. Colloid Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 47: 153159.
  • Kuromo M, Nakanishi K, Shindo K & Tada M (1963) Biosynthesis of monascorubrin and monascoflavin. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 11: 358362.
  • Lin CF & Iizuka H (1982) Production of extracellular pigment by a mutant of Monascus kaoliang sp. nov. Appl Environ Microbiol 43: 671678.
  • Lin TF, Yakushijin K, Büchi GH & Demain AL (1992) Formation of water-soluble Monascus red pigments by biological and semi-synthetic processes. J Ind Microbiol 9: 173179.
  • Manchand PS, Whally WB & Chen FC (1973) Isolation and structure of ankaflavin. Phytochem 12: 25312532.
  • Martinková L, Jùzlová P & Veselý D (1995) Biological activity of polyketide pigments produced by the fungus Monascus. J Appl Biotechnol 79: 609616.
  • Mosaddika MA, Banburya L, Forsterb P, Boothb R, Markhamc J, Leacha D & Watermana PG (2004) Screening of some Australian Flacourtiaceae species for in vitroantioxidant, cytotoxic and antimicrobial activity. Phytomedicine 11: 461466.
  • National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards. (1993) Methods for Dilution in Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests. Approved Standard M2-A5, NCCLS, Villanova, PA.
  • Rhoades J & Roller S (2000) Antimicrobial actions of degraded and native chitosan against spoilage organisms in laboratory media and foods. Appl Environ Microbiol 66: 8086.
  • Sato K, Goda Y, Sakamoto SS, Shibata H, Maitani T & Yamada T (1997) Identification of major pigments containing d-amino acid units in commercial Monascus pigments. Chem Pharm Bull 45: 227229.
  • Suh J-H & Shin CS (2000) Analysis of the morphologic changes of Monascus sp. J101 cells cocultured with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. FEMS Microbiol Lett 193: 143147.
  • Tsai GJ, Wu ZY & Su WH (2000) Antibacterial activity of a chitooligosaccharide mixture prepared by cellulase digestion of shrimp chitosan and its application to milk preservation. J Food Prot 63: 747752.
  • Wong H & Koehler PE (1983) Production of red water-soluble Monascus pigments. J Food Sci 48: 12001203.