Outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by the pandemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus O3 : K6 in Mexico


  • Editor: Jorge Crosa

Correspondence: Bruno Gomez-Gil, CIAD, A.C. Mazatlán Unit for Aquaculture and Environmental Management, AP. 711, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, México 82000. Tel.: +52 669 9898700; fax: +52 669 9898701; e-mail: bruno@ciad.mx


During 2003 and during late September of 2004, more than 1230 cases of gastroenteritis were reported in the south of Sinaloa State, north-western Mexico. All cases were attributed to the consumption of raw or undercooked shrimp collected at the Huizache-Caimanero lagunary system. Vibrio parahaemolyticus was identified by standard biochemical methods, and many strains were positive for PCR amplifications of the tlh and tdh genes and negative for the trh gene. A representative strain belonged to the O3 : K6 serogroup. This is the first outbreak of gastroenteritis caused by the pandemic strains of O3 : K6 V. parahaemolyticus in México.