Response to (chloro)biphenyls of the polychlorobiphenyl-degrader Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 involves stress proteins also induced by heat shock and oxidative stress

Authors

  • Loreine Agulló,

    1. Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química and Millennium Nucleus of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile; and
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  • Beatriz Cámara,

    1. Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química and Millennium Nucleus of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile; and
    2. Division of Microbiology, Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung, Braunschweig, Germany
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  • Paula Martínez,

    1. Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química and Millennium Nucleus of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile; and
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  • Valeria Latorre,

    1. Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química and Millennium Nucleus of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile; and
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  • Michael Seeger

    1. Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química and Millennium Nucleus of Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile; and
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  • Editor: Skorn Mongkolsuk

Correspondence: Michael Seeger, Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Avenida España 1680, Valparaíso, Chile. Tel.: +56 322 654236; fax: +56 322 654782; e-mail: michael.seeger@usm.cl

Abstract

We report the effects of 4-chlorobiphenyl and biphenyl on the physiology, morphology and proteome of the polychlorobiphenyl-degrader Burkholderia xenovorans LB400. The exposure to 4-chlorobiphenyl decreases the growth of LB400 on glucose, and cells exhibit irregular outer membranes, a larger periplasmic space and electron-dense granules in the cytoplasm. Additionally, lysis of cells was observed during incubation with 4-chlorobiphenyl or biphenyl. Proteome of B. xenovorans LB400 exposed to biphenyl and 4-chlorobiphenyl were analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Besides induction of the Bph enzymes of biphenyl catabolic pathways, incubation with 4-chlorobiphenyl or biphenyl results in the induction of the molecular chaperones DnaK and GroEL. Induction of these chaperones, which were also induced during heat shock, strongly suggests that exposure to (chloro)biphenyls constitutes stress conditions for LB400. During growth of LB400 on biphenyl, oxidative stress was evidenced by the induction of alkyl hydroperoxide reductase AhpC, which was also induced during exposure to H2O2. 4-chlorobiphenyl and biphenyl induced catechol 1,2-dioxygenase, as well as polypeptides involved in energy production, amino acid metabolism and transport.

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