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Keywords:

  • Vibrio anguillarum;
  • amiB gene;
  • PCR;
  • flounder

Abstract

Vibrio anguillarum is the causative agent of the fish disease vibriosis and is the most intensely studied species of Vibrio. In the present study, specific primers and a PCR assay were designed to detect V. anguillarum. The primers were designed to amplify a 429-bp internal region of the V. anguillarum amiB gene, which encodes the peptidoglycan hydrolase N-acetylmuramoyl-l-alanine amidase. PCR specificity was demonstrated by successful amplification of DNA from V. anguillarum and by the absence of a PCR product from 25 other Vibrio strains and various enteric bacteria. The PCR produced a 429-bp amplified fragment from as little as 1 pg of V. anguillarum DNA. The limit of detection for this PCR technique was c. 20 bacterial colonies in 25 mg of infected flounder tissue. These results suggest that this PCR system is a sensitive and species-specific detection method, and is possible to use as a diagnostic tool to detect V. anguillarum.