The sgtR1 and sgtR2 genes encoding putative regulators similar to the Aha1 and ArsR families, respectively, were identified downstream from the sprT gene. To investigate their function, expression vectors containing various combinations of sprT, sgtR1, and sgtR2 were transformed into Streptomyces lividans and Streptomyces griseus. The trypsin activity levels produced by S. lividans harboring pWHM3-TR2 (sprT and sgtR2) or pWHM3-TR1R2 (sprT, sgtR2, and sgtR2) were, respectively, 6.6 or 8.9 times that of S. lividans transformed with pWHM3-T (sprT). In the pWHM3-TR1R2 transformant, the transcription of sprT consistently occurred during the earlier stages of growth and was maintained at a higher level throughout the 6 days of cultivation. Streptomyces griseus IFO13350 harboring pWHM3-TR1R2 also produced trypsin activity 2.1 times that of the pWHM3-T transformant. However, all S. griseusΔadpA transformants produced lower SGT activity than the wild-type strain, and none could overcome the deficiency in AdpA transcriptional activator, suggesting that AdpA is an absolute prerequisite for sprT expression. The sprT transcript was detected at a high level only in the wild-type strain, but the sgtR1 and sgtR2 transcript levels were very similar between the S. griseus IFO13350 and ΔadpA strains. This clearly demonstrates that the transcription of the sgtR1 and sgtR2 genes is not dependent on AdpA and that they are therefore not members of the AdpA regulon.