• American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) (2007) Threshold Limit Values & Biological Exposure Indices. Signature Publications, Cincinnati, OH.
  • Anderson JG, Rowan NJ, MacGregor SJ, Fouracre RA & Farish O (2000) Inactivation of food-borne enteropathogenic bacteria and spoilage fungi using pulsed light. IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 28: 8388.
  • Anderson JG, Maclean M, Woolsey GA & MacGregor SJ. Inactivation of Gram-positive bacteria. International Patent WO 2007/012875 A1. Patent Filing Date: July 2005; Published February 2007.
  • Ashkenazi H, Malik Z, Harth Y & Nitzan Y (2003) Eradication of Propionibacterium acnes by its endogenic porphyrins after illumination with high intensity blue light. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 35: 1724.
  • Bertoloni G, Lauro FM, Cortella G & Merchant M (2000) Photosensitizing activity of hematoporphyrin on Staphylococcus aureus cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1475: 169174.
  • Blatchley ER III & Peel MM (1991) Disinfection by ultraviolet irradiation. Disinfection, Sterilisation and Preservation, 4th edn (BlockSS, ed), pp. 823851. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Elman M, Slatkine M & Harth Y (2003) The effective treatment of acne vulgaris by a high-intensity, narrow band 405–420 nm light source. J Cosmet Laser Ther 5: 111116.
  • Feuerstein O, Persman N & Weiss EI (2004) Phototoxic effect of visible light on Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum: an in vitro study. Photochem Photobiol 80: 412415.
  • Ganz RA, Viveiros J, Ahmad A, Ahmadi A, Khalil A, Tolkoff MJ, Nishioka NS & Hamblin MR (2005) Helicobacter pylori in patients can be killed by visible light. Laser Surg Med 36: 60265.
  • Guffey JS & Wilborn J (2006a) Effects of combined 405-nm and 880-nm light on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosain vitro. Photomed Laser Surg 24: 680683.
  • Guffey JS & Wilborn J (2006b) In Vitro bactericidal effects of 405-nm and 470-nm blue light. Photomed Laser Surg 24: 684688.
  • Hamblin MR & Hasan T (2004) Photodynamic therapy: a new antimicrobial approach to infectious disease. Photochem Photobiol Sci 3: 436450.
  • MacGregor SJ, Rowan NJ, McIlvaney L, Anderson JG, Fouracre RA & Farish O (1998) Light inactivation of food-related pathogenic bacteria using a pulsed power source. Lett Appl Microbiol 27: 6770.
  • Maclean M (2006) An investigation into the light inactivation of medically important microorganisms. PhD Thesis, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.
  • Nitzan Y & Kauffman M (1999) Endogenous porphyrin production in bacteria by δ-aminolaevulinic acid and subsequent bacterial photoeradication. Laser Med Sci 14: 269277.
  • Nitzan Y, Salmon-Divon M, Shporen E & Malik Z (2004) ALA induced photodynamic effects on Gram positive and negative bacteria. Photochem Photobiol Sci 3: 430435.
  • Papageorgiou P, Katsambas A & Chu A (2000) Phototherapy with blue (415 nm) and red (660 nm) light in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Br J Dermatol 142: 973978.
  • Soukos NS, Som S, Abernethy AD, Ruggiero K, Dunham J, Lee C, Doukas AG & Goodson JM (2005) Phototargeting oral black-pigmented bacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49: 13911396.
  • Tyrrell RM & Peak MJ (1978) Interactions between UV radiation of different energies in the inactivation of bacteria. J Bacteriol 136: 437440.
  • Wainwright M, Phoenix DA, Laycock SL, Wareing DRA & Wright PA (1998) Photobactericidal activity of phenothiazinium dyes against methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus. FEMS Microbiol Lett 160: 177181.
  • Wang T, MacGregor SJ, Anderson JG & Woolsey GA (2005) Pulsed ultra-violet inactivation spectrum of Escherichia coli. Water Res 39: 29212925.
  • Wilson M & Yianni C (1995) Killing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by low-power laser light. J Med Microbiol 42: 6266.
  • Zeina B, Greenman J, Purcell WM & Das B (2001) Killing of cutaneous microbial species by photodynamic therapy. Br J Dermatol 144: 274278.