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Keywords:

  • swarming;
  • polyamine;
  • importer;
  • spermidine

Abstract

In a previous work, it was observed that the swarming of polyamine-deficient Proteus mirabilis (speB::sm) was severely inhibited on Luria–Bertani (LB) swarming plates (LBSw) (LB, 0.5% glucose, 0.5% agar), and it was clarified that extracellular putrescine was important as a signaling molecule for the induction of swarming in P. mirabilis. However, a polyamine-deficient strain (delta-speAB delta-speC) of Escherichia coli swarmed as well as the parental strain on LBSw plates. We report that the swarming phenotype of a polyamine-deficient E. coli strain is dependent on spermidine and PotABCD, a spermidine importer.