Editor: Eva Top
Colonization outwith the colon: plants as an alternative environmental reservoir for human pathogenic enterobacteria
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
© 2008 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved
FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 689–703, July 2009
How to Cite
Holden, N., Pritchard, L. and Toth, I. (2009), Colonization outwith the colon: plants as an alternative environmental reservoir for human pathogenic enterobacteria. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 33: 689–703. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2008.00153.x
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2008
- Received 21 August 2008; revised 17 October 2008; accepted 26 October 2008.Final version published online 09 December 2008.
- human pathogenic enterobacteria;
- fresh produce;
- plant hosts;
- plant colonization
Members of the Enterobacteriaceae have the capacity to adapt to a wide variety of environments and can be isolated from a range of host species across biological kingdoms. Bacteria that are pathogenic to animals, in particular humans, are increasingly found to be transmitted through the food chain by fruits and vegetables. Rather than simply contaminating plant surfaces, there is a growing body of evidence to show that these bacteria actively interact with plants and can colonize them as alternative hosts. This review draws together evidence from studies that investigate proven and potential mechanisms involved in colonization of plants by human pathogenic enterobacteria.