SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • actinomycetales;
  • Rhodococcus equi;
  • foal;
  • AIDS;
  • virulence;
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Abstract

The soil actinomycete Rhodococcus equi is a pulmonary pathogen of young horses and AIDS patients. As a facultative intracellular bacterium, R. equi survives and multiplies in macrophages and establishes its specific niche inside the host cell. Recent research into chromosomal virulence factors and into the role of virulence plasmids in infection and host tropism has presented novel aspects of R. equi infection biology and pathogenicity. This review will focus on new findings in R. equi biology, the trafficking of R. equi-containing vacuoles inside host cells, factors involved in virulence and host resistance and on host–pathogen interaction on organismal and cellular levels.