SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ahern M, Verschueren S & VanSinderen D (2003) Isolation and characterisation of a novel bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis strain B439. FEMS Microbiol Lett 163: 229236.
  • Altena K, Guder A, Cramer C & Bierbaum G (2000) Biosynthesis of the lantibiotic mersacidin: organization of a type B lantibiotic gene cluster. Appl Environ Microb 66: 25652571.
  • Anderson I, Sorokin A, Kapatral V et al. (2005) Comparative genome analysis of Bacillus cereus group genomes with Bacillus subtilis. FEMS Microbiol Lett 250: 175184.
  • Anthony T, Rajesh T, Kayalvizhi N & Gunasekaran P (2009) Influence of medium components and fermentation conditions on the production of bacteriocin(s) by Bacillus licheniformis AnBa9. Biores Technol 100: 872877.
  • Anthony T, Chellappa GS, Rajesh T & Gunasekaran P (2010) Functional analysis of a putative holin-like peptide-coding gene in the genome of Bacillus licheniformis AnBa9. Arch Microbiol 192: 5156.
  • Asaduzzaman SM & Sonomoto K (2009) Lantibiotics: diverse activities and unique modes of action. J Biosci Bioeng 107: 475487.
  • Aunpad R & Na-Bangchang K (2007) Pumilicin 4, a novel bacteriocin with anti-MRSA and anti-VRE activity produced by newly isolated bacteria Bacillus pumilus strain WAPB4. Curr Microbiol 55: 308313.
  • Aunpad R, Na-Bangchang K & Pipatsatitpong D (2007) Bacteriocins with anti-MRSA activity produced by water and soil isolated bacteria. Ann microbiol 57: 914.
  • Babasaki K, Takao T, Shimonishi Y & Kurahashi K (1985) Subtilosin A, a new antibiotic peptide produced by Bacillus subtilis 168: isolation, structural analysis, and biogenesis. J Biochem 98: 585603.
  • Bai Y, D'Aoust F, Smith DL & Driscoll BT (2002) Isolation of plant growth-promoting Bacillus strains from soybean root nodules. Can J Microbiol 48: 230238.
  • Bai Y, Zhou X & Smith DL (2003) Enhanced soybean plant growth resulting from co-inoculation of Bacillus strains with Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Crop Sci 43: 17741781.
  • Banerjee S & Hansen JN (1988) Structure and expression of a gene encoding the precursor of subtilin, a small protein antibiotic. J Biol Chem 263: 95089514.
  • Barbosa TM, Serra CR, La Ragione RM, Woodward MJ & Henriques AO (2005) Screening for Bacillus isolates in the broiler gastrointestinal tract. Appl Environ Microb 71: 968978.
  • Barboza-Corona JE, Vázquez-Acosta H, Bideshi DK & Salcedo-Hernández R (2007) Bacteriocin-like inhibitor substances produced by Mexican strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. Arch Microbiol 187: 117126.
  • Barboza-Corona JE, De La Fuente-Salcido N, Alva-Murillo N, Ochoa-Zarzosa A & López-Meza JE (2009) Activity of bacteriocins synthesized by Bacillus thuringiensis against Staphylococcus aureus isolates associated to bovine mastitis. Vet Microbiol 138: 179183.
  • Begley M, Cotter PD, Hill C & Ross RP (2009) Identification of a novel two-peptide lantibiotic, lichenicidin, following rational genome mining for LanM proteins. Appl Environ Microb 75: 54515460.
  • Bierbaum G & Sahl H-G (2009) Lantibiotics: mode of action, biosynthesis and bioengineering. Curr Pharm Biotechno 10: 218.
  • Bierbaum G, Brötz H, Koller K-P & Sahl H-G (1995) Cloning, sequencing and production of the lantibiotic mersacidin. FEMS Microbiol Lett 127: 121126.
  • Bizani D & Brandelli A (2002) Characterization of a bacteriocin produced by a newly isolated Bacillus sp. strain 8A. J Appl Microbiol 93: 512519.
  • Bizani D & Brandelli A (2004) Influence of media and temperature on bacteriocin production by Bacillus cereus 8A during batch cultivation. Appl Microbiol Biot 65: 158162.
  • Bizani D, Dominguez APM & Brandelli A (2005a) Purification and partial chemical characterization of the antimicrobial peptide cerein 8A. Lett Appl Microbiol 41: 269273.
  • Bizani D, Motta AS, Morrissy JAC, Terra RM, Souto AA & Brandelli A (2005b) Antibacterial activity of cerein 8A, a bacteriocin-like peptide produced by Bacillus cereus. Int Microbiol 8: 125131.
  • Bizani D, Morrissy JAC, Domingue APM & Brandelli A (2008) Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in dairy products using the bacteriocin-like peptide cerein 8A. Int J Food Microbiol 121: 229233.
  • Bolhuis A, Venema G, Quax WJ, Bron S & Van Dijl JM (1999) Functional analysis of paralogous thiol-disulfide oxidoreductases in Bacillus subtilis. J Biol Chem 274: 2453124538.
  • Bonev BB, Breukink E, Swiezewska E, De Kruijff B & Watts A (2004) Targeting extracellular pyrophosphates underpins the high selectivity of nisin. FASEB J 18: 18621869.
  • Breukink E, Van Heusden HE, Vollmerhaus PJ, Swiezewska E, Brunner L, Walker S, Heck AJ & De Kruijff B (2003) Lipid II is an intrinsic component of the pore induced by nisin in bacterial membranes. J Biol Chem 278: 1989819903.
  • Brötz H, Bierbaum G, Reynolds PE & Sahl H-G (1997) The lantibiotic mersacidin inhibits peptidoglycan biosynthesis at the level of transglycosylation. Eur J Biochem 246: 193199.
  • Brötz H, Bierbaum G, Leopold K, Reynolds PE & Sahl H-G (1998) The lantibiotic mersacidin inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis by targeting lipid II. Antimicrob Agents Ch 42: 154160.
  • Brusilow WS & Nelson DL (1981) Improved purification and some properties of megacin Cx, a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus megaterium. J Biol Chem 256: 159164.
  • Cascales E, Buchanan SK, Duché D, Kleanthous C, Lloubès R, Postle K, Riley M, Slatin S & Cavard D (2007) Colicin biology. Microbiol Mol Biol R 71: 158229.
  • Cetinkaya S, Osmanagaoglu Ö & Cökmüs C (2003) Bacteriocin diversity in Bacillus sphaericus. Folia Microbiol 48: 157161.
  • Chan WC, Lian LY, Bycroft BW & Roberts GCK (1989) Confirmation of the structure of nisin by complete 1H nmr resonance assignment in aqueous and dimethyl sulfoxide solution. J Chem Soc Perk T I: 23592367.
  • Chan WC, Bycroft BW, Leyland ML, Lian L-Y & Roberts GCK (1993) A novel posttranslational modification of the peptide antibiotic subtilin: isolation and characterization of a natural variant from Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. Biochem J 291: 2327.
  • Chang JM & Chen TH (2003) Bacterial foodborne outbreaks in Central Taiwan, 1991 – 2000. J Food Drug Analysis 11: 5359.
  • Chatterjee C, Paul M, Xie L & Van Der Donk WA (2005) Biosynthesis and mode of action of lantibiotics. Chem Rev 105: 633684.
  • Chatterjee S, Chatterjee S, Lad SJ, Phansalkar MS, Rupp RH, Ganguli BN, Fehlhaber H-W & Kogler H (1992) Mersacidin, a new antibiotic from Bacillus: fermentation, isolation, purification and chemical characterization. J Antibiot 45: 832838.
  • Chehimi S, Delalande F, Sablé S, Hajlaoui MR, Van Dorsselaer A, Limam F & Pons AM (2007) Purification and partial amino acid sequence of thuricin S, a new anti-Listeria bacteriocin from Bacillus thuringiensis. Can J Microbiol 53: 28490.
  • Cherif A, Ouzari H, Daffonchio D, Cherif H, Ben Slama K, Hassen A, Jaoua S & Boudabous A (2001) Thuricin 7: a novel bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis BMG1.7, a new strain isolated from soil. Lett Appl Microbiol 32: 243247.
  • Cherif A, Chehimi S, Limem F, Hansen BM, Hendriksen NB, Daffonchio D & Boudabous A (2003) Detection and characterization of the novel bacteriocin entomocin 9, and safety evaluation of its producer, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. entomocidus HD9. J Appl Microbiol 95: 9901000.
  • Cherif A, Rezgui W, Raddadi N, Daffonchio D & Boudabous A (2008) Characterization and partial purification of entomocin 110, a newly identified bacteriocin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. entomocidus HD110. Microbiol Res 163: 684692.
  • Cladera-Olivera F, Caron GR & Brandelli A (2004a) Bacteriocin-like substance production by Bacillus licheniformis strain P40. Lett Appl Microbiol 38: 251256.
  • Cladera-Olivera F, Caron GR & Brandelli A (2004b) Bacteriocin production by Bacillus licheniformis strain P40 in cheese whey using response surface methodology. Biochem Eng J 21: 15358.
  • Cleveland J, Montville TJ, Nes IF & Chikindas ML (2001) Bacteriocins: safe, natural antimicrobials for food preservation. Int J Food Microbiol 71: 120.
  • Çökmüş C & Yousten AA (1993) Bacteriocin production by Bacillus sphaericus. J Invertebr Pathol 61: 323325.
  • Commission Regulation (2008) (EC) No 1292/2008 of 18 December 2008 concerning the authorisation of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940 (Ecobiol and Ecobiol plus) as a feed additive. OJEU L 340: 3637.
  • Corvey C, Stein T, Dusterhus S, Karas M & Entian KD (2003) Activation of subtilin precursors by Bacillus subtilis extracellular serine proteases subtilisin (AprE), WprA, and Vpr. Biochem Bioph Res Co 304: 4854.
  • De la Fuente-Salcido N, Alanís-Guzmán MG, Bideshi DK, Salcedo-Hernández R, Bautista-Justo M & Barboza-Corona JE (2008) Enhanced synthesis and antimicrobial activities of bacteriocins produced by Mexican strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. Arch Microbiol 190: 633640.
  • Diaz D (2007) Effect of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT-5940 spores on broiler performance and digestibility. Available at http://en.engormix.com/MA-poultry-industry/articles/effect-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-cect5940_795.htm
  • Dischinger J, Josten M, Szekat C, Sahl H-G & Bierbaum G (2009) Production of the novel two-peptide lantibiotic lichenicidin by Bacillus licheniformis DSM 13. PLoS ONE 4: e6788. DOI: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006788.
  • Dodd HM, Horn N & Gasson MJ (1990) Analysis of the genetic determinant for production of the peptide antibiotic nisin. J Gen Microbiol 136: 555566.
  • Dominguez APM, Bizani D, Cladera-Olivera F & Brandelli A (2007) Cerein 8A production in soybean protein using response surface methodology. Biochem Eng J 35: 238243.
  • Donoghue HD (1972) Properties and comparative starch-gel electrophoresis of megacins from several Bacillus megaterium strains. J Gen Microbiol 72: 473483.
  • Dorenbos R, Stein T, Kabel J, Bruand C, Bolhuis A, Bron S, Quax WJ & Van Dijl JM (2002) Thiol-disulfide oxidoreductases are essential for the production of the lantibiotic sublancin 168. J Biol Chem 277: 1668216688.
  • Dougherty BA, Hill C, Weidman JF, Richardson DR, Venter JC & Ross RP (1998) Sequence and analysis of the 60 kb conjugative, bacteriocin-producing plasmid pMRC01 from Lactococcus lactis DPC3147. Mol Microbiol 29: 10291038.
  • Drider D, Fimland G, Héchard Y, McMullen LM & Prévost H (2006) The continuing story of Class IIa bacteriocins. Microbiol Mol Biol R 70: 564582.
  • Dubois J-YF, Kouwen TRHM, Schurich AKC, Reis CR, Ensing HT, Trip EN, Zweers JC & Van Dijl JM (2009) Immunity to the bacteriocin sublancin 168 is determined by the SunI (YolF) protein of Bacillus subtilis. Antimicrob Agents Ch 53: 651661.
  • Duitman E, Hamoen L, Rembold M et al. (1999) The mycosubtilin synthetase of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633: a multifunctional hybrid between a peptide synthetase, an amino transferase, and a fatty acid synthase. P Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 1329413299.
  • Duitman E, Wyczawski D, Boven L, Venema G, Kuipers O & Hamoen L (2007) Novel methods for genetic transformation of natural Bacillus subtilis isolates used to study the regulation of the mycosubtilin and surfactin synthetase. Appl Environ Microb 73: 34903496.
  • EFSA (2004) Opinion of the scientific panel on additives and products or substances used in animal feed (FEEDAP) on the efficacy of product Toyocerin for pigs in fattening. EFSA J 62: 15.
  • EFSA (2005) Scientific opinion of the panel on additives and products or substances used in animl feed (FEEDAP) on the modification of terms of authorisation of the microorganism preparation of Bacillus cereus var. toyoi (NCIMB 40112/CNCM I-1012) (Toyocerin®) authorised as a feed additive in accordance with Directive 70/524/EEC. EFSA J 288: 17.
  • EFSA (2007a) Introduction of a qualified presumption of safety (QPS) approach for assessment of selected microorganisms referred to EFSA. EFSA J 587: 116.
  • ESFA (2007b) Scientific opinion of the panel on additives and products or substances used in animl feed (FEEDAP) on the safety and efficacy of Toyocerin® (Bacillus cereus var. toyoi) as feed additive for turkeys. EFSA J 549: 111.
  • EFSA (2008) The maintenance of the list of QPS microorganisms intentionally added to foods or feeds. Scientific opinion of the panel on biological hazards. EFSA J 923: 148.
  • Faheem F, Saeed S & Rasool SA (2007) Studies on brevicin AF01: a bacteriocin like inhibitory substance active against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Pakistan J Bot 39: 12931302.
  • Favret ME & Yousten AA (1989) Thuricin: the bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. J Invertebr Pathol 53: 206216.
  • Fawcett P, Eichenberger P, Losick R & Youngman P (2000) The transcriptional profile of early to middle sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. P Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 80638068.
  • Fikes JD, Crabtree BL & Barridge BD (1983) Studies on the mode of action of a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus stearothermophilus. Can J Microbiol 29: 15761582.
  • Franz CMAP, Van Belkum MJ, Holzapfel WH, Abriouel H & Gálvez A (2007) Diversity of enterococcal bacteriocins and their grouping into a new classification scheme. FEMS Microbiol Rev 31: 293310.
  • Gálvez A, Maqueda M, Martinez-Bueno M, Lebbadi M & Valdivia E (1993) Isolation and physico-chemical characterization of an antifungal and antibacterial peptide produced by Bacillus licheniformis A12. Appl Microbiol Biot 39: 438442.
  • Gálvez A, Lucas López R, Abriouel H, Valdivia E & Ben Omar N (2008) Application of bacteriocins in the control of foodborne pathogenic and spoilage bacteria. Crit Rev Biotechnol 28: 125152.
  • Gebhardt K, Schimana J, Müller J et al. (2002) Screening for biologically active metabolites with endosymbiotic bacilli isolated from arthropods. FEMS Microbiol Lett 217: 199205.
  • Gilbert RJ, Turnbull PCB, Parry JM & Kramer JM (1981) Bacillus cereus and other Bacillus species: their part in food poisoning and other clinical infections. The Aerobic Endospore-forming Bacteria: Classification and Identification (BerkeleyRCW & GoodfellowM, eds), pp. 297314. Academic Press, London.
  • Gilmore MS, Segarra RA, Booth MC, Bogie CP, Hall LR & Clewell DB (1994) Genetic structure of the Enterococcus faecalis plasmid pAD1-encoded cytolytic toxin system and its relationship to lantibiotic determinants. J Bacteriol 176: 73357344.
  • Godič Torkar K & Bogovič Matijašić B (2003) Bacteriocins produced by B. cereus from milk. Food Technol Biotech 41: 121129.
  • Granum PE (2007) Bacillus cereus. Food Microbiology, Fundamentals and Frontiers. 3rd edn (DoyleMP & BeuchatLR, eds), pp. 445455. ASM Press, Washington, DC.
  • Gray EJ, Di Falco M, Souleimanov A & Smith DL (2006a) Proteomic analysis of the bacteriocin thuricin 17 produced by Bacillus thuringiensis NEB17. FEMS Microbiol Lett 255: 2732.
  • Gray EJ, Lee KD, Souleimanov AM, Di Falco MR, Zhou X, Ly A, Charles TC, Driscoll BT & Smith DL (2006b) A novel bacteriocin, thuricin 17, produced by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria strain Bacillus thuringiensis NEB17: isolation and classification. J Appl Microbiol 100: 545554.
  • Gross E, Kiltz HH & Nebelin E (1973) Subtilin, VI: structure of subtilin. H-S Z Physiol Chem 354: 810822.
  • Guder A, Wiedemann I & Sahl HG (2000) Posttranslationally modified bacteriocins: the lantibiotics. Biopolymers 55: 6273.
  • Guder A, Schmitter T, Wiedemann I, Sahl HG & Bierbaum G (2002) Role of the single regulator MrsR1 and the two-component system MrsR2/K2 in the regulation of mersacidin production and immunity. Appl Environ Microb 68: 106113.
  • Haft DH (2009) A strain-variable bacteriocin in Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus with repeated Cys-Xaa-Xaa motifs. Biol Direct 4: 15.
  • Halimi B, Dortu C, Arguelles-Arias A, Thonart P, Joris B & Fickers P (2010) Antilisterial Activity on poultry meat of amylolysin, a bacteriocin from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens GA1. Probiotics Antimicrob Prot 2: 120125.
  • Hammami I, Rhouma A, Jaouadi B, Rebai A & Nesme X (2009) Optimization and biochemical characterization of a bacteriocin from a newly isolated Bacillus subtilis strain 14B for biocontrol of Agrobacterium spp. strains. Lett Appl Microbiol 48: 253260.
  • He Z, Kisla D, Zhang L, Yuan C, Green-Church KB & Yousef AE (2007) Isolation and identification of a Paenibacillus polymyxa strain that coproduces a novel lantibiotic and polymyxin. Appl Environ Microb 73: 168178.
  • He Z, Yuan C, Zhang L & Yousef AE (2008) N-terminal acetylation in paenibacillin, a novel lantibiotic. FEBS Lett 582: 27872792.
  • Hemphill HE, Gage I, Zahler SA & Korman RZ (1980) Prophage-mediated production of a bacteriocin like substance by Spβ lysogens of Bacillus subtilis. Can J Microbiol 23: 4551.
  • Hill C, Rea M & Ross P (2009) Thuricin cd, an antimicrobial for specifically targeting Clostridium difficile. Patent: WO 2009068656-A1 13 04-JUN-2009; TEAGASC, The Agriculture and Food Development Authority (IE), University College Cork-National University of Ireland, Cork (IE).
  • Holland IB & Roberts CF (1964) Some properties of a new bacteriocin formed by Bacillus megaterium. J Gen Microbiol 35: 271285.
  • Holo H, Jeknic Z, Daeschel M, Stevanovic S & Nes IF (2001) Plantaricin W from Lactobacillus plantarum belongs to a new family of two-peptide lantibiotics. Microbiology 147: 643651.
  • Hong HA, Duc le H & Cutting SM (2005) The use of bacterial spore formers as probiotics. FEMS Microbiol Rev 29: 813835.
  • Hosoi T & Kiuchi K (2003) Natto – a food made by fermenting cooked soybeans with Bacillus subtilis (natto). Handbook of Fermented Functional Foods (FarnworthER, ed), pp. 227245. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Hsu ST, Breukink E, Tischenko E, Lutters MA, De Kruijff B, Kaptein R, Bonvin AM & Van Nuland NA (2004) The nisin–lipid II complex reveals a pyrophosphate cage that provides a blueprint for novel antibiotics. Nat Struct Mol Biol 11: 963967.
  • Huang T, Geng H, Miyyapuram VR, Sit CS, Vederas JC & Nakano MM (2009) Isolation of a variant of subtilosin A with hemolytic activity. J Bacteriol 191: 56905696.
  • Hyde AJ, Parisot J, McNichol A & Bonev BB (2006) Nisin-induced changes in Bacillus morphology suggest a paradigm of antibiotic action. P Natl Acad Sci USA 103: 1989619901.
  • Hyink O, Balakrishnan M & Tagg JR (2005) Streptococcus rattus strain BHT produces both a class I two-component lantibiotic and a class II bacteriocin. FEMS Microbiol Lett 252: 235241.
  • Hyronimus B, Le Marrec C & Urdaci MC (1998) Coagulin, a bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance produced by Bacillus coagulans I4. J Appl Microbiol 85: 4250.
  • Hyung MJ, Kwang-Soo K, Jong-Hyun P, Myung-Woo B, Young-Bae K & Han-Joon H (2001) Bacteriocin with a broad antimicrobial spectrum, produced by Bacillus sp. isolated from Kimchi. J Microbiol Biotechn 11: 577584.
  • Ivánovics G & Alföldi L (1954) A new anti-bacterial principle: megacin. Nature 174: 465.
  • Jack RW, Tagg JR & Ray B (1995) Bacteriocins of Gram-positive bacteria. Microbiol Rev 59: 171200.
  • Jay JM, Loessner MJ & Golden DA (2005) Modern Food Microbiology. 7th edn. Springer, New York.
  • Jung G (1991) Lantibiotics: a survey. Nisin and Novel Lantibiotics (JungG & SahlH-G, eds), pp. 135. ESCOM, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Jung WJ, Mabood F, Souleimanov A, Zhou X, Jaoua S, Kamoun F & Smith DL (2008) Stability and antibacterial activity of bacteriocins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki. J Microbiol Biotechn 18: 18361840.
  • Kamoun F, Mejdoub H, Aouissaoui H, Reinbolt J, Hammami A & Jaoua S (2005) Purification, amino acid sequence and characterization of Bacthuricin F4, a new bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis. J Appl Microbiol 98: 881888.
  • Kamoun F, Fguira IB, Tounsi A, Abdelkefi-Mesrati L, Sanchis V, Lereclus D & Jaoua S (2009) Generation of mini-Tn10 transposon insertion mutant library of Bacillus thuringiensis for the investigation of genes required for its bacteriocin production. FEMS Microbiol Lett 294: 141149.
  • Kawulka K, Sprules T, McKay RT, Mercier P, Diaper CM, Zuber P & Vederas JC (2003) Structure of subtilosin A, an antimicrobial peptide from Bacillus subtilis with unusual posttranslational modifications linking cysteine sulfurs to alpha-carbons of phenylalanine and threonine. J Am Chem Soc 125: 47264767.
  • Kawulka KE, Sprules T, Diaper CM, Whittal RM, McKay RT, Mercier P, Zuber P & Vederas JC (2004) Structure of subtilosin A, a cyclic antimicrobial peptide from Bacillus subtilis with unusual sulfur to alpha-carbon cross-links: formation and reduction of alpha-thio-alpha-amino acid derivatives. Biochemistry 43: 33853395.
  • Kayalvizhi N & Gunasekaran P (2008) Production and characterization of a low-molecular-weight bacteriocin from Bacillus licheniformis MKU3. Lett Appl Microbiol 47: 600607.
  • Kellner R, Jung G, Josten M, Kaletta C, Entian KD & Sahl HG (1989) Pep5: structure elucidation of a large lantibiotic. Angew Chem Int Edit 28: 616619.
  • Khalil R, Djadouni F, Elbahloul Y & Omar S (2009a) The influence of cultural and physical conditions on the antimicrobial activity of bacteriocin produced by a newly isolated Bacillus megaterium 22 strain. Afr J Food Sci 3: 011022.
  • Khalil R, Elbahloul Y, Djadouni F & Omar S (2009b) Isolation and partial characterization of a bacteriocin produced by a newly isolated Bacillus megaterium 19 strain. Pakistan J Nutr 8: 242250.
  • Kiesau P, Eikmanns U, Gutowski-Eckel Z, Weber S, Hammelmann M & Entian KD (1997) Evidence for a multimeric subtilin synthetase complex. J Bacteriol 179: 14751481.
  • Kiss A, Balikó G, Csorba A, Chuluunbaatar T, Medzihradszky KF & Alföldi L (2008) Cloning and characterization of the DNA region responsible for megacin A-216 production in Bacillus megaterium 216. J Bacteriol 190: 64486457.
  • Klaenhammer TR (1993) Genetics of bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev 12: 3986.
  • Kleerebezem M, Bongers R, Rutten G, De Vos WM & Kuipers OP (2004) Autoregulation of subtilin biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis: the role of the spa-box in subtilin-responsive promoters. Peptides 25: 14151424.
  • Klein C, Kaletta C & Entian K-D (1993) Biosynthesis of the lantibiotic subtilin is regulated by a histidine kinase/response regulator system. Appl Environ Microb 59: 296303.
  • Koponen O, Takala TM, Saarela U, Qiao M & Saris PE (2004) Distribution of the NisI immunity protein and enhancement of nisin activity by the lipid-free NisI. FEMS Microbiol Lett 231: 8590.
  • Korenblum E, Der Weid I, Santos AL, Rosado AS, Sebastián GV, Coutinho CM, Magalhães FC, Paiva MM & Seldin L (2005) Production of antimicrobial substances by Bacillus subtilis LFE-1, B. firmus HO-1 and B. licheniformis T6-5 isolated from an oil reservoir in Brazil. J Appl Microbiol 98: 667675.
  • Korenblum E, Sebastián GV, Paiva MM, Coutinho CM, Magalhães FC, Peyton BM & Seldin L (2008) Action of antimicrobial substances produced by different oil reservoir Bacillus strains against biofilm formation. Appl Microbiol Biot 79: 97103.
  • Kouwen TR, Van Der Goot A, Dorenbos R, Winter T, Antelmann H, Plaisier MC, Quax WJ, Van Dijl JM & Dubois JY (2007) Thiol-disulphide oxidoreductase modules in the low-GC Gram-positive bacteria. Mol Microbiol 64: 984999.
  • Kramer JM & Gilbert RJ (1989) Bacillus cereus and other Bacillus species. Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens (DoyleMP, ed), pp. 2170. Marcel Dekker, New York.
  • Kruszewska D, Sahl HG, Bierbaum G, Pag U, Hynes SO & Ljungh A (2004) Mersacidin eradicates methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a mouse rhinitis model. J Antimicrob Chemoth 54: 648653.
  • Kugler M, Loeffler W, Rapp C, Kern A & Jung G (1990) Rhizocticin A, an antifungal phosphono-oligopeptide of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633: biological properties. Arch Microbiol 153: 276281.
  • Lappe R, Motta AS, Sant'Anna V & Brandelli A (2009) Inhibition of Salmonella Enteritidis by cerein 8A, EDTA and sodium lactate. Int J Food Microbiol 135: 312316.
  • Lawton EM, Ross RP, Hill C & Cotter PD (2007) Two-peptide lantibiotics: a medical perspective. Mini Rev Med Chem 7: 12361247.
  • Lazarevic V, Dusterhoft A, Soldo B, Hilbert H, Mauel C & Karamata D (1999) Nucleotide sequence of the Bacillus subtilis temperate bacteriophage SPbetac2. Microbiology 145: 10551067.
  • Lee H, Churey JJ & Worobo RW (2009b) Biosynthesis and transcriptional analysis of thurincin H, a tandem repeated bacteriocin genetic locus, produced by Bacillus thuringiensis SF361. FEMS Microbiol Lett 299: 205213.
  • Lee KD, Gray EJ, Mabood F, Jung WJ, Charles T, Clark SR, Ly A, Souleimanov A, Zhou X & Smith DL (2009a) The class IId bacteriocin thuricin-17 increases plant growth. Planta 229: 74755.
  • Lee KH, Jun KD, Kim WS & Paik HD (2001) Partial characterization of polyfermenticin SCD, a newly identified bacteriocin of Bacillus polyfermenticus. Lett Appl Microbiol 32: 146151.
  • Le Marrec C, Hyronimus B, Bressollier P, Verneuil B & Urdaci MC (2000) Biochemical and genetic characterization of coagulin, a new antilisterial bacteriocin in the pediocin family of bacteriocins, produced by Bacillus coagulans I4. Appl Environ Microb 66: 52135220.
  • Lili He, Chen W & Liu Y (2006) Production and partial characterization of bacteriocin-like peptides by Bacillus licheniformis ZJU12. Microbiol Res 161: 321326.
  • Lisboa MP, Bonatto D, Bizani D, Henriques JAP & Brandelli A (2006) Characterization of a bacteriocin-like substance produced by ‘Bacillus amyloliquefaciens’ isolated from the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Int Microbiol 9: 111118.
  • Lodemann U, Lorenz BM, Weyrauch KD & Martens H (2008) Effects of Bacillus cereus var. toyoi as probiotic feed supplement on intestinal transport and barrier function in piglets. Arch Anim Nutr 62: 87106.
  • Lovett PS, Duvall EJ & Keggins KM (1976) Bacillus pumilus plasmid pPL10: properties and insertion into Bacillus subtilis 168 by transformation. J Bacteriol 127: 817828.
  • Lutz G, Chavarría M, Arias ML & Mata-Segreda JF (2006) Microbial degradation of palm (Elaeis guineensis) biodiesel. Rev Biol Trop (Int J Trop Biol) 54: 5963.
  • Mah J-H & Hwang H-J (1998) Microflora during cabbage-kimchi fermentation. J Sci Technol 16: 173187.
  • Martirani L, Varcamonti M, Naclerio G & De Felice M (2002) Purification and partial characterization of bacillocin 490, a novel bacteriocin produced by a thermophilic strain of Bacillus licheniformis. Microb Cell Fact 1: 15.
  • Marx R, Stein T, Entian K-D & Glaser SJ (2001) Structure of the Bacillus subtilis peptide antibiotic subtilosin A determined by 1H-NMR and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. J Protein Chem 20: 501506.
  • McAuliffe O, Ross RP & Hill C (2001) Lantibiotics: structure, biosynthesis and mode of action. FEMS Microbiol Rev 25: 285308.
  • McClerren AL, Cooper LE, Quan C, Thomas PM, Kelleher NL & Van Der Donk WA (2006) Discovery and in vitro biosynthesis of haloduracin, a two-component lantibiotic. P Natl Acad Sci USA 103: 1724317248.
  • Molitor E, Kluczny C, Brötz H, Bierbaum G, Jack R & Sahl HG (1996) Effects of the lantibiotic mersacidin on the morphology of staphylococci. Zbl Bakt 284: 318328.
  • Motta AS, Cladera-Olivera F & Brandelli A (2004) Screening for antimicrobial activity among bacteria isolated from the Amazon basin. Braz J Microbiol 35: 307310.
  • Motta AS, Cannavan FS, Tsai SM & Brandelli A (2007a) Characterization of a broad range antibacterial substance from a new Bacillus species isolated from Amazon basin. Arch Microbiol 188: 367375.
  • Motta AS, Lorenzini DM & Brandelli A (2007b) Purification and partial characterization of an antimicrobial peptide produced by a novel Bacillus sp. isolated from Amazon basin. Curr Microbiol 54: 282286.
  • Motta AS, Flores FS, Souto AA & Brandelli A (2008) Antibacterial activity of a bacteriocin-like substance produced by Bacillus sp. P34 that targets the bacterial cell envelope. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 93: 275284.
  • Mutus R, Kocabagli N, Alp M, Acar N, Eren M & Gezen SS (2006) The effect of dietary probiotic supplementation on tibial bone characteristics and strength in broilers. Poultry Sci 85: 16211625.
  • Naclerio G, Ricca E, Sacco M & De Felice M (1993) Antimicrobial activity of a newly identified bacteriocin of Bacillus cereus. Appl Environ Microb 59: 43134316.
  • Nakano MM & Zuber P (1998) Anaerobic growth of a ‘strict aerobe’. Annu Rev Microbiol 52: 165190.
  • Nakano MM, Zuber P, Glaser P, Danchin A & Hulett FM (1996) Two-component regulatory proteins ResD-ResE are required for transcriptional activation of fnr upon oxygen limitation in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 178: 37963802.
  • Nakano MM, Zheng G & Zuber P (2000) Dual control of sbo-alb operon expression by the Spo0 and ResDE systems of signal transduction under anaerobic conditions in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 182: 32743277.
  • Navaratna MA, Sahl HG & Tagg JR (1999) Identification of genes encoding two-component lantibiotic production in Staphylococcus aureus C55 and other phage group II S. aureus strains and demonstration of an association with the exfoliative toxin B gene. Infect Immun 67: 42684271.
  • Nes IF, Yoon S-S & Diep DB (2007) Ribosomally synthesiszed antimicrobial peptides (bacteriocins) in lactic acid bacteria: a review. Food Sci Biotechnol 16: 675690.
  • Nicholson WL (2002) Roles of Bacillus endospores in the environment. Cell Mol Life Sci 59: 410416.
  • Novotny JF & Perry JJ (1992) Characterization of bacteriocins from two strains of Bacillus thermoleovorans, a thermophilic hydrocarbon-utilizing species. Appl Environ Microb 58: 23932396.
  • Odunfa SA & Oyeyiola GF (1985) Microbiological study of the fermentation of ugba, a Nigerian indigenous fermented food flavour. J Plant Foods 6: 155163.
  • Oguntoyinbo A, Sanni AI, Franz CMAP & Holzapfel WH (2007) In vitro fermentation studies for selection and evaluation of Bacillus strains as starter cultures for teh production of okpehe, a traditional African fermented condiment. Int J Food Microbiol 113: 208218.
  • Oguntoyinbo FA, Huch M, Cho G-S, Schillinger U, Holzapfel WH, Sanni AI & Franz CMAP (2010) Diversity of Bacillus species isolated from okpehe, a traditional fermented soup condiment from Nigeria. J Food Protect 73: 870878.
  • Oman TJ & Van Der Donk WA (2009) Insights into the mode of action of the two-peptide lantibiotic haloduracin. ACS Chem Biol 4: 865874.
  • Oscáriz JC & Pisabarro AG (2000) Characterisation and mechanism of action of cerein 7, a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus Bc7. J Appl Microbiol 89: 110.
  • Oscáriz JC, Lasa I & Pisabarro AG (1999) Detection and characterization of cerein 7, a new bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus with a broad spectrum of activity. FEMS Microbiol Lett 178: 337341.
  • Oscáriz JC, Cintas L, Holo H, Lasa I, Nes IF & Pisabarro AG (2006) Purification and sequencing of cerein 7B, a novel bacteriocin produced by Bacillus cereus Bc7. FEMS Microbiol Lett 254: 108115.
  • O'Sullivan L, Ross RP & Hill C (2002) Potential of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria for improvements in food safety and quality. Biochimie 84: 593604.
  • Paik HD, Bae SS & Pan JG (1997) Identification and partial characterization of tochicin, a bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tochigiensis. J Ind Microbiol Biot 19: 294298.
  • Paik SH, Chakicherla A & Hansen JN (1998) Identification and characterization of the structural and transporter genes for, and the chemical and biological properties of sublancin 168, a novel lantibiotic produced by Bacillus subtilis 168. J Biol Chem 273: 2313423142.
  • Parisot J, Carey S, Breukink E, Chan WC, Narbad A & Bonev B (2008) Molecular mechanism of target recognition by subtilin, a Class I lanthionine antibiotic. Antimicrob Agents Ch 52: 612618.
  • Park EJ, Park JS & Paik HD (2004) Effect of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD and its bacteriocin on MNNG-induced DNA damage. Food Sci Biotechnol 13: 684688.
  • Pattnaik P, Kaushik JK, Grover S & Batish VK (2001) Purification and characterization of a bacteriocin-like compound (lichenin) produced anaerobically by Bacillus licheniformis isolated from water buffalo. J Appl Microbiol 91: 636645.
  • Pattnaik P, Grover S & Batish VK (2005) Effect of environmental factors on production of lichenin, a chromosomally encoded bacteriocin-like compound produced by Bacillus licheniformis 26L-10/3RA. Microbiol Res 160: 213218.
  • Pedersen PB, Bjrnvad ME, Rasmussen MD & Petersen JN (2002) Cytotoxic potential of industrial strains of Bacillus sp. Regul Toxicol Pharm 36: 155161.
  • Piuri M, Sanchez-Rivas C & Ruzal SM (1998) A novel antimicrobial activity of a Paenibacillus polymyxa strain isolated from regional fermented sausages. Lett Appl Microbiol 27: 913.
  • Pokusaeva K, Kuisiene N, Jasinskyte D, Rutiene K, Saleikiene J & Chitavichius D (2009) Novel bacteriocins produced by Geobacillus stearothermophilus. Cent Eur J Biol 4: 196203.
  • Prasch T, Naumann T, Markert RL, Sattler M, Schubert W, Schaal S, Bauch M, Kogler H & Griesinger C (1997) Constitution and solution conformation of the antibiotic mersacidin determined by NMR and molecular dynamics. Eur J Biochem 244: 501512.
  • Priest FG (1993) Systematics and ecology of Bacillus. Bacillus Subtilis and Other Gram-Positive Bacteria (SonensheinAL, HochJA & LosickR, eds), pp. 316. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC.
  • Rea MC, Sit CS, Clayton E, O'Connor PM, Whittal RM, Zheng J, Vederas JC, Ross RP & Hill C (2010) Thuricin CD, a posttranslationally modified bacteriocin with a narrow spectrum of activity against Clostridium difficile. P Natl Acad Sci USA 107: 93529357.
  • Read TD, Akmal A, Bishop-Lilly K et al. (2009) Annotation of the Bacillus thuringiensis BGSC 4Y1 genome. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/NZ_CM000746.1
  • Riley MA & Wertz JE (2002a) Bacteriocin diversity: ecological and evolutionary perspectives. Biochimie 84: 357364.
  • Riley MA & Wertz JE (2002b) Bacteriocins: evolution, ecology, and application. Annu Rev Microbiol 56: 117137.
  • Rostas K, Dobritsa SV, Dobritsa AP, Koncz CS & Alfoldi L (1980) Megacinogenic plasmid from Bacillus megaterium 216. Mol Gen Genet 180: 323329.
  • Ryan MP, Rea MC, Hill C & Ross RP (1996) An application in cheddar cheese manufacture for a strain of Lactococcus lactis producing a novel broad-spectrum bacteriocin, lacticin 3147. Appl Environ Microb 62: 612619.
  • Sahl HG & Bierbaum G (1998) Lantibiotics: biosynthesis and biological activities of uniquely modified peptides from gram-positive bacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol 52: 4179.
  • Saleem F, Ahmad S, Yaqoob Z & Rasool SA (2009) Comparative study of two bacteriocins produced by representative indigenous soil bacteria. Pak J Pharm Sci 22: 252258.
  • Sass P, Jansen A, Szekat C, Sass V, Sahl HG & Bierbaum G (2008) The lantibiotic mersacidin is a strong inducer of the cell wall stress response of Staphylococcus aureus. BMC Microbiol 8: 186.
  • Schneider TR, Kärcher J, Pohl E, Lubini P & Sheldrick GM (2000) Ab initio structure determination of the lantibiotic mersacidin. Acta Crystallogr D 56: 705713.
  • Schnell N, Entian K-D, Schneider U, Götz F, Zahner H, Kellner R & Jung G (1988) Prepeptide sequence of epidermin, a ribosomally synthesized antibiotic with four sulphide-rings. Nature 333: 276278.
  • Schuller F, Benz R & Sahl HG (1989) The peptide antibiotic subtilin acts by formation of voltage-dependent multi-state pores in bacterial and artificial membranes. Eur J Biochem 182: 181186.
  • Sebei S, Zendo T, Boudabous A, Nakayama J & Sonomoto K (2007) Characterization, N-terminal sequencing and classification of cerein MRX1, a novel bacteriocin purified from a newly isolated bacterium: Bacillus cereus MRX1. J Appl Microbiol 103: 16211631.
  • Senesi S, Celandroni F, Tavanti A & Ghelardi E (2001) Molecular characterization and identification of Bacillus clausii strains marketed for use in oral bacteriotherapy. Appl Environ Microb 67: 834839.
  • Serizawa M, Kodama K, Yamamoto H, Kobayashi K, Ogasawara N & Sekiguchi J (2005) Functional analysis of the YvrGHb two-component system of Bacillus subtilis: identification of the regulated genes by DNA microarray and Northern blot analyses. Biosci Biotech Bioch 69: 21552169.
  • Sharma N & Gautam N (2008) Antibacterial activity and characterization of bacteriocin of Bacillus mycoides isolated from whey. Ind J Biotechnol 8: 117121.
  • Sharma N, Kapoor G & Neopaney B (2006) Characterization of a new bacteriocin produced from a novel isolated strain of Bacillus lentus NG121. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 89: 33743.
  • Sharma N, Attri A & Gautam N (2009a) Purification and characterization of bacteriocin like substance produced from Bacillus lentus with perspective of a new biopreservative for food preservation. Pak J Sci Ind Res 52: 191199.
  • Sharma N, Kapoor G, Gautam N & Neopaney B (2009b) Characterization of partially purified bacteriocin of Bacillus sp. MTCC 43 isolated from rhizosphere of radish (Raphanus sativus) and its application as a potential food biopreservative. J Sci Ind Res 68: 881886.
  • Sharp RJ, Bingham AHA, Comer MJ & Atkinson A (1979) Partial characterization of a bacteriocin (thermocin) from Bacillus stearothermophilus RS93. J Gen Microbiol 111: 449451.
  • Sharp RJ, Scawen MD & Atkinson T (1989) Fermentation and downstream processing of Bacillus. Biotechnology Handbook: Bacillus (HarwoodCR, ed), pp. 255292. Plenum Press, New York.
  • Sheehan D (2002) Physical Biochemistry: Principles and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
  • Shelburne CE, An FY, Dholpe V, Ramamoorthy A, Lopatin DE & Lantz MS (2007) The spectrum of antimicrobial activity of the 18 bacteriocin subtilosin A. J Antimicrob Chemoth 59: 297300.
  • Siegers K, Heinzmann S & Entian KD (1996) Biosynthesis of lantibiotic nisin. Post-translational modification of its prepeptide occurs at a multimeric membrane-associated lanthionine synthetase complex. J Biol Chem 271: 1229412301.
  • Siezen RJ, Kuipers OP & De Vos WM (1996) Comparison of lantibiotic gene clusters and encoded proteins. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 69: 171184.
  • Silkin L, Hamza S, Kaufman S, Cobb SL & Vederas JC (2008) Spermicidal bacteriocins: lacticin 3147 and subtilosin A. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 18: 31033106.
  • Sirtori LR, Cladera-Olivera F, Lorenzini DM, Tsai S-M & Brandelli A (2006) Purification and partial characterization of an antimicrobial peptide produced by Bacillus sp. strain P45, a bacterium from the Amazon basin fish Piaractus mesopotamicus. J Gen Appl Microbiol 52: 357363.
  • Sirtori LR, De Souza da Motta A & Brandelli A (2008) Mode of action of antimicrobial peptide P45 on Listeria monocytogenes. J Basic Microb 48: 393400.
  • Slepecky R & Hemphill E (2006) The genus Bacillus. Nonmedical. The Prokaryotes, Vol. 4 (DworkinM, FalkowS, RosenbergE, SchleiferK-H & StackebrandtE, eds), pp. 530562. Springer, New York.
  • Smith D, Lee KD, Gray E, Souleimanov A & Zhou X (2008) Use of bacteriocins for promoting plant growth and disease resistance. US Patent Application number: 20080248953.
  • Stahl S (1989) A new bacteriocinogenic activity: megacin BII encoded by plasmid pSE 203 in strains of Bacillus megaterium. Arch Microbiol 151: 159165.
  • Stein T (2005) Bacillus subtilis antibiotics: structures, syntheses and specific functions. Mol Microbiol 56: 845857.
  • Stein T (2008) Whole-cell matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry for rapid identification of bacteriocin/lantibiotic-producing bacteria. Rap Commun Mass Sp 22: 11461152.
  • Stein T, Borchert S, Conrad B, Feesche J, Hofemeister B, Hofemeister J & Entian K-D (2002a) Two different lantibiotic-like peptides originate from the ericin gene cluster of Bacillus subtilis A1/3. J Bacteriol 184: 17031711.
  • Stein T, Borchert S, Kiesau P, Heinzmann S, Klöss S, Klein C, Helfrich M & Entian KD (2002b) Dual control of subtilin biosynthesis and immunity in Bacillus subtilis. Mol Microbiol 44: 403416.
  • Stein T, Heinzmann S, Kiesau P, Himmel B & Entian K-D (2003) The spa box for transcriptional activation of subtilin biosynthesis and immunity in Bacillus subtilis. Mol Microbiol 47: 16271636.
  • Stein T, Dusterhus S, Stroh A & Entian KD (2004) Subtilosin production by two Bacillus subtilis subspecies and variance of the sbo-alb cluster. Appl Environ Microb 70: 23492353.
  • Stein T, Heinzmann S, Düsterhus S, Borchert S & Entian K-D (2005) Expression and functional analysis of the subtilin immunity genes spaIFEG in the subtilin-sensitive host Bacillus subtilis MO1099. J Bacteriol 187: 822828.
  • Stenfors Arnesen LP, Fagerlund A & Granum PE (2008) From soil to gut: Bacillus cereus and its food poisoning toxins. FEMS Microbiol Rev 32: 579606.
  • Stern NJ, Svetoch EA, Eruslanov BV, Kovalev YN, Volodina LI, Perelygin VV, Mitsevich EV, Mitsevich IP & Levchuk VP (2005) Paenibacillus polymyxa purified bacteriocin to control Campylobacter jejuni in chickens. J Food Protect 68: 14501453.
  • Sun G, Sharkova E, Chesnut R, Birkey S, Duggan MF, Sorokin A, Pujic P, Ehrlich SD & Hulett FM (1996) Regulators of aerobic and anaerobic respiration in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 178: 13741385.
  • Sutyak KE, Anderson RA, Dover SE, Feathergill KA, Aroutcheva AA, Faro S & Chikindas ML (2008a) Spermicidal activity of the safe natural antimicrobial peptide subtilosin. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2008.
  • Sutyak KE, Wirawan RE, Aroutcheva AA & Chikindas ML (2008b) Isolation of the Bacillus subtilis antimicrobial peptide subtilosin from the dairy product-derived Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. J Appl Microbiol 104: 10671074.
  • Svetoch EA, Stern NJ, Eruslanov BV et al. (2005) Isolation of Bacillus circulans and Paenibacillus polymyxa strains inhibitory to Campylobacter jejuni and characterization of associated bacteriocins. J Food Protect 68: 1117.
  • Takami H, Nakasone K, Takaki Y et al. (2000) Complete genome sequence of the alkaliphilic bacterium Bacillus halodurans and genomic sequence comparison with Bacillus subtilis. Nucleic Acids Res 28: 43174331.
  • Terlabie NN, Sakyi-Dawson E & Amoa-Awua WK (2006) The comparative ability of four isolates of Bacillus subtilis to ferment soybeans into dawadawa. Int J Food Microbiol 106: 145152.
  • Torkar KG & Matijašić BB (2003) Partial characterisation of bacteriocins produced by Bacillus cereus isolates from milk and milk products. Food Technol Biotechnol 41: 121129.
  • Urdaci MC, Bressolier P & Pinchuk I (2004) Bacillus clausii probiotic strains: antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. J Clin Gastroenterol 38: S86S90.
  • Van Belkum MJ & Stiles ME (2000) Nonlantibiotic antibacterial peptides from lactic acid bacteria. Nat Prod Rep 17: 323335.
  • Von Tersch M & Carlton B (1983a) Bacteriocin from Bacillus megaterium ATCC 19213: comparative studies with megacin A-216. J Bacterial 155: 866871.
  • Von Tersch MA & Carlton BC (1983b) Megacinogenic plasmids of Bacillus megaterium. J Bacteriol 155: 872877.
  • Wang HL & Hesseltine CW (1982) Oriental fermented foods. Prescott and Dunn's Industrial Microbiology (ReedR, ed), pp. 492538. AVI Publishing Company, Hartford, CT.
  • Wang J & Fung DYC (1996) Alkaline-fermented foods: a review with emphasis on pidan fermentation. Crit Rev Microbiol 22: 101138.
  • Willey JM & Van Der Donk WA (2007) Lantibiotics: peptides of diverse structure and function. Annu Rev Microbiol 61: 477501.
  • Xie J, Zhang R, Shang C & Guo Y (2009) Isolation and characterization of a bacteriocin produced by an isolated Bacillus subtilis LFB112 that exhibits antimicrobial activity against domestic animal pathogens. Afr J Biotechnol 8: 56115619.
  • Xiong Z, Jiang Y, Qi D et al. (2009) Complete genome sequence of the extremophilic Bacillus cereus strain Q1 with industrial applications. J Bacteriol 191: 11201121.
  • Yang EJ & Chang HC (2007) Characterization of bacteriocin-like substances produced by Bacillus subtilis MJP1. Kor J Microbiol Biotechnol 35: 339346.
  • Yokotsuka T (1985) Fermented protein foods in the orient, with emphasis on shoyu and miso in Japan. Microbiology of Fermented Foods (WoodBJB, ed), pp. 197247. Elsevier Applied Science, London.
  • Yonezawa H & Kuramitsu HK (2005) Genetic analysis of a unique bacteriocin, Smb, produced by Streptococcus mutans GS5. Antimicrob Agents Ch 49: 5415448.
  • Yoshida S, Hiradate S, Tsukamoto T, Hatakeda K & Shirata A (2001) Antimicrobial activity of culture filtrate of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens RC-2 isolated from mulberry leaves. Phytopathology 91: 181187.
  • Zheng G, Yan LZ, Vederas JC & Zuber P (1999) Genes of the sbo-alb locus of Bacillus subtilis are required for production of the antilisterial bacteriocin subtilosin. J Bacteriol 181: 73467355.
  • Zheng G, Hehn R & Zuber P (2000) Mutational analysis of the sbo-alb locus of Bacillus subtilis: identification of genes required for subtilosin production and immunity. J Bacteriol 182: 32663273.