The ESEMeD/MHEDEA 2000 and other investigators are: Jordi Alonso, Gemma Vilagut, Josué Almansa, Miquel Codony, Montserrat Ferrer, Montserrat Martínez-Alonso, Antonia Domingo-Salvany, Berta Romera: IMIM-IMAS, Spain; Matthias C. Angermeyer, Sebastian Bernert, Herbert Matschinger: University of Leipzig, Germany; Ronny Bruffaerts, Koen Demyttenaere: University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Belgium; Traolach S. Brugha, Nick Taub, Zoe Morgan: University of Leicester, UK; Heather Bryson: GlaxoSmithKline, UK; Giovanni de Girolamo: AUSL Città di Bologna, Italy; Ron de Graaf, Wilma A.M. Vollebergh, Martine A. Buist-Bouwman: Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, the Netherlands; Isabelle Gasquet: Hôpital Paul Brousse, France; Josep Maria Haro, Mariola Bernal, Jaume Autonell, Concepció Palacín: Sant Joan de Déu-SSM, Spain; Steven J. Katz: University of Michigan, USA; Ronald C. Kessler: Harvard Medical School, USA; Viviane Kovess: Department de Recherche en Sante Publique (MGEN), France; Jean Pierre Lépine, Saena Arbabzadeh-Bouchez: Hôpital Fernand Widal, France; Fausto Mazzi: Universita¢ di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy; Pierluigi Morosini, Gabriella Polidori: National Institute of Health, Italy; Johan Ormel: University Hospital Groningen, the Netherlands; Leo J. Russo, Sam S. Joo: GlaxoSmithKline, USA.
Prevalence of mental disorders in Europe: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project
Article first published online: 14 JUN 2004
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 109, Issue Supplement s420, pages 21–27, June 2004
How to Cite
The ESEMeD/MHEDEA 2000 Investigators, Alonso, J., Angermeyer, M. C., Bernert, S., Bruffaerts, R., Brugha, T. S., Bryson, H., de Girolamo, G., de Graaf, R., Demyttenaere, K., Gasquet, I., Haro, J. M., Katz, S. J., Kessler, R. C., Kovess, V., Lépine, J. P., Ormel, J., Polidori, G., Russo, L. J., Vilagut, G., Almansa, J., Arbabzadeh-Bouchez, S., Autonell, J., Bernal, M., Buist-Bouwman, M. A., Codony, M., Domingo-Salvany, A., Ferrer, M., Joo, S. S., Martínez-Alonso, M., Matschinger, H., Mazzi, F., Morgan, Z., Morosini, P., Palacín, C., Romera, B., Taub, N. and Vollebergh, W. A. M. (2004), Prevalence of mental disorders in Europe: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109: 21–27. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0047.2004.00327.x
- Issue published online: 14 JUN 2004
- Article first published online: 14 JUN 2004
- mental disorders;
- six European countries
Objective: To describe the 12-month and lifetime prevalence rates of mood, anxiety and alcohol disorders in six European countries.
Method: A representative random sample of non-institutionalized inhabitants from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain aged 18 or older (n = 21425) were interviewed between January 2001 and August 2003. DSM-IV disorders were assessed by lay interviewers using a revised version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI).
Results: Fourteen per cent reported a lifetime history of any mood disorder, 13.6% any anxiety disorder and 5.2% a lifetime history of any alcohol disorder. More than 6% reported any anxiety disorder, 4.2% any mood disorder, and 1.0% any alcohol disorder in the last year. Major depression and specific phobia were the most common single mental disorders. Women were twice as likely to suffer 12-month mood and anxiety disorders as men, while men were more likely to suffer alcohol abuse disorders.
Conclusion: ESEMeD is the first study to highlight the magnitude of mental disorders in the six European countries studied. Mental disorders were frequent, more common in female, unemployed, disabled persons, or persons who were never married or previously married. Younger persons were also more likely to have mental disorders, indicating an early age of onset for mood, anxiety and alcohol disorders.