No evidence for impaired ‘theory of mind’ in unaffected first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients
Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2004
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 110, Issue 2, pages 146–149, August 2004
How to Cite
Kelemen, O., Kéri, S., Must, A., Benedek, G. and Janka, Z. (2004), No evidence for impaired ‘theory of mind’ in unaffected first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110: 146–149. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0047.2004.00357.x
- Issue online: 5 JUL 2004
- Version of Record online: 5 JUL 2004
- Accepted for publication March 25, 2004
- theory of mind;
- Eyes Test;
- genetic liability;
- cognitive dysfunction
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) impairments are associated with schizophrenia liability.
Method: Forty healthy control subjects and 79 first-degree biological relatives of schizophrenia patients (32 siblings and 47 parents) received the Eyes Test, during which subjects are asked to choose the word best describes the mental state of a person whose eyes are depicted on a photograph.
Results: The affected relatives (n = 14) performed worse on the Eyes Test compared with the controls (P = 0.0001), whereas the unaffected relatives (n = 65) showed intact performances (P = 0.4). The Eyes Test values did not correlate with age and IQ. There was no significant difference between male and female participants.
Conclusion: ToM deficits, as measured by the Eyes Test, are not associated with schizophrenia liability.