Metabolism of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 in patients on anticonvulsant therapy


Dorthe Hartwell Department of Clinical Chemistry KAS Glostrup DK-2600 Glostrup Denmark


ABSTRACT— We examined the effect of short-term treatment with pharmacological doses of vitamin D2 or vitamin D3 on the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D metabolites in epileptic patients on chronic anticonvulsant drug therapy. Nine patients were studied before and after treatment with vitamin D2 4000 IU daily for 24 weeks and 10 before and after treatment with vitamin D3 in the same dose. Before treatment the serum concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D and 25(OH)D were significantly lower in epileptics than in normal subjects (P<0.01). Vitamin D2 treatment increased the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D2, but a corresponding decrease in 1,25(OH)2D3 resulted in an unchanged serum concentration of total 1,25(OH)2D. The serum concentration of 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D increased significantly, whereas there was a small decrease in 25(OH)D3. Vitamin D3 treatment did not change the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D3 whereas serum 25(OH)D3 increased significantly. The correlation between the serum ratio of 1,25(OH)2D2/1,25(OH)2D3 and 25(OH)D2/25(OH)D3 estimated on vitamin D2-treated epileptic patients and normal subjects was highly significant (P<0.01). The data indicate that the serum concentration of 1,25(OH)2D2 and 1,25(OH)2D3 are directly proportional to the amount of their precursors 25(OH)D2 and 25(OH)D3 and that the concentration of total 1,25(OH)2D is tightly regulated.