Balance disorders in headache patients: evaluation by computerized static stabilometry
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2005
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume 111, Issue 6, pages 407–413, June 2005
How to Cite
Rossi, C., Alberti, A., Sarchielli, P., Mazzotta, G., Capocchi, G., Faralli, M., Ricci, G., Molini, E. and Altissimi, G. (2005), Balance disorders in headache patients: evaluation by computerized static stabilometry. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 111: 407–413. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2005.00422.x
- Issue published online: 5 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 5 MAY 2005
- Accepted for publication February 16, 2005
- computerized static stabilometry;
- tension-type headache;
Objectives – The aim of the study was to investigate the occurrence of equilibrium disturbances in headache patients, during the interictal period, by computerized static stabilometry.
Materials and methods – Sixty-seven patients were studied: 35 with migraine without aura (MwoA), 12 with tension-type headache (TTH) in the episodic form (ETTH) + MwoA, and 20 with only TTH [10 ETTH + 10 chronic (CTTH)]. The stabilometric parameters considered were: statokinesigram length (L) and surface (S) in open (EO) and closed (EC) eyes conditions with/without occlusal bite, EC with head retroflexion (ECR), and optokinetic stimulation (OKN).
Results – The alteration of at least one of the stabilometric parameters was observed in 45 patients (67.2%): 21 MwoA, 8 ETTH + MwoA, and 16 TTH (8 ETTH + 8 CTTH).
Conclusion – In TTH patients (ETTH, CTTH, ETTH + MwoA), the stabilometric findings show a proprioceptive alteration induced by cervicofacial muscle contraction, which was peripheral in origin. In MwoA patients the alterations appear under OKN and support a control impairment in involuntary oculomotility of central origin.