• infections;
  • cytokines;
  • cerebrospinal fluid;
  • tick-borne encephalitis

Objectives –  The aim of our study was to determine whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) contains CXCL10, CXCL11, p40 subunit of interleukin-12 (IL-12)/IL-23, IL-18 and IL-15. We compared serum and CSF concentrations of CXCL10 and analysed the possible concentration gradient of this chemokine between the periphery and central nervous system.

Materials and methods –  The study enrolled 19 TBE patients and 10 patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases.

Results –  CSF of TBE patients contained CXCL10 (median 217 pg/ml), CXCL11 (8.3 pg/ml), p40 subunit of IL-12/IL-23 (38.9 pg/ml), IL-18 (30.1 pg/ml) and IL-15 (5.9 pg/ml). CXCL10 in the CSF of TBE patients was higher compared with serum (median 62 pg/ml, P < 0.001).

Conclusion –  CSF of TBE patients contains CXCL10, CXCL11, p40 subunit of IL-12/IL-23, IL-18 and IL-15. Increased CXCL10 concentration in CSF suggests a role for this chemokine in the recruitment of CXCR3-expressing T-cells into the CSF of TBE patients.