Predictive value of the baseline T-QRS ratio of the fetal electrocardiogram in intrapartum fetal monitoring: a prospective cohort study

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  • Conflict of interest
    The authors have stated explicitly that there are no conflicts of interest in connection with this article.

  • Please cite this article as: Becker JH, Kuipers LJM, Schuit E, Visser GHA, van den Akker ESA, van Beek E, et al. Predictive value of the baseline T-QRS ratio of the fetal electrocardiogram in intrapartum fetal monitoring: a prospective cohort study. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2012; 91:189–197.

J. H. Becker MD, University Medical Center Utrecht, Location WKZ, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KE04.123.1, PO Box 85090, 3508AB Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail: j.h.becker@umcutrecht.nl

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the added value of the baseline T/QRS ratio to other known risk factors in predicting adverse outcome and interventions for suspected fetal distress. Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Three academic and six non-academic teaching hospitals in the Netherlands. Population. Laboring women with a high-risk cephalic singleton pregnancy beyond 36 weeks of gestation. Methods. We obtained STAN® recordings (ST-analysis, Neoventa, Sweden) from two previous studies. Three patient groups were defined: cases with adverse outcome, cases with emergency delivery because of suspected fetal distress without adverse outcome, and a reference group of uncomplicated cases. Baseline T/QRS ratios among the adverse outcome and intervention for suspected fetal distress cases were compared to those of the uncomplicated cases. The ability of baseline T/QRS to predict adverse outcome and suspected fetal distress was determined using a multivariable logistic model. Main outcome measures. The added value of the baseline T/QRS to other known risk factors in the prediction of adverse outcome and interventions for suspected fetal distress. Results. From 3462 recordings, 2459 were available for analysis. Median baseline T/QRS for uncomplicated cases, adverse outcome and interventions for suspected fetal distress were 0.12 (range 0.00–0.52), 0.12 (0.00–0.42) and 0.13 (0.00–0.39), respectively. There was no statistical difference between these groups. Multivariable analysis showed no added value of baseline T/QRS in the prediction of either adverse outcome or interventions for suspected fetal distress. Conclusion. Baseline T/QRS has no added value in the prediction of adverse neonatal outcome or interventions for suspected fetal distress.

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