Abstract. This review analyzes progress in the field of infantile strabismus and amblyopia. Only works which are of clinical interest have been reveiwed. A brief survey is provided also of subjects matter of international debate, as surgery for accommodative esotropia, the prism adaptation test and the use of sectors for amblyopia treatment. Mention is made of new developments in the field which are not yet applicable to clinical practice. Finally, progress in the approach towards ocular nystagmus is considered as well.