Myopia among the Inuit population of East Greenland
Longitudinal Study 1950–1994
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2009
1997 Institution Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Volume 75, Issue 6, pages 723–725, December 1997
How to Cite
Norn, M. (1997), Myopia among the Inuit population of East Greenland. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 75: 723–725. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0420.1997.tb00639.x
- Issue published online: 27 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2009
- Received on December 27th, 1996
- refractive change;
- longitudinal study;
- Inuit population
Purpose: To follow the refraction values in an indigenous population group over the course of the past 50 years.
Method: Case records from a population investigation carried out in Ammasalik, East Greeland, by Erik Skeller in 1950 were studied initially, a total of 1123 eyes were examined by sciascopy and 244 eyes could be followed sufficiently until about 1990–94.
Result: The mean refraction was initially +0.08D, while at the last examination the mean had increased to +0.69D. Initially, there was no myopia, defined as at least −1.5D, and at follow-up it was a maximum of 1%, and presumably due to immature cataract. A tendency to myopia (<−1.5D) was found initially in 36%, but in only 22% at follow-up.
Conclusion: The myopinizing factor in East Greenland has not affected persons born prior to 1942, even if they had a tendency to myopia (<−1.5D).